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A Nation of Immigrants

The United States of America is a nation built by immigrants. It all began hundreds of years ago when European settlers came to build a permanent home for themselves. When the US won its independence from the British Crown the new nation decided to honor their past, meaning they will accept with open arms, immigrants from Europe who are looking for a new beginning and a chance to lead meaningful and productive lives. Yet in recent times it became apparent that in terms of resources and job opportunities there is a limit as to the number of foreigners that America can assimilate and be given the status of American citizen.

In July 1992 two articles were published and both offered opposing views with regards to immigration. The Business Week article echoes the sentiments of those who continually perceive that the influx of immigrants is like injecting new life to a country expected to rise to a new level every fiscal year. The article states, “…the U. S. is reaping a bonanza of highly educated foreigners” and that low-end immigrants “…provide a hardworking labor force to fill the low-paid jobs that make a modern service economy run” (Weisberger, par. 3).

Peter Brimelow’s National Review article on the other hand laments the fact that America has admitted too many immigrants of the wrong ethnic background. Critique Brimelow was not only misguided with his racist remarks but he seems to forget how America was built. It would have been impossible for this nation to achieved greatness and contributed much to global peace and prosperity without the intellectual and emotional contribution of the immigrants. Brimelow’s view is hard to understand especially when Weisberger pointed out that Brimelow is himself a new arrival from Britain (par.

3). It is not right to open the door when America needs immigrants and slam it shut when there is a crisis. II. Einstein and America: A Rocky Relationship One of most popular immigrant who came to seek refuge in American soil is none other than Albert Einstein. In October 17, 1933, Einstein came to America and his primary goal was to not only to seek political asylum but also to experience “true freedom” so that he can express his own scientific and political views (O’Connell, par. 1).

He accepted a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, New Jersey where he continued his work on light particles. Yet while the great scientist was still alive he did not feel that he made the right choice in choosing to flee to America. His scientific theories were radical but his political views – apparently influenced by his being a German for much of his adult life – did not sit well with American authorities. J. Edgar Hoover, the overachieving FBI director kept a watchful eye on him and believed that Einstein was a Soviet spy.

He was not only investigated by Hoover, he was also criticized by then Senator Joseph McCarthy who was well known for his hardcore anti-Communist stance. For Einstein it was like exchanging the oppressive political environment of Germany with an equally suffocating and critical political system of the United States. He was clearly disappointed. Critique Looking back it is hard to understand why all of America did not embrace Einstein as an intellectual giant and as a morally courageous person. As early as 1905, Einstein was already world famous for his equation e=mc2.

In 1921 he won the Nobel Prize for physics. On top of that he defied Hitler. He fled his native land to live with foreigners. Instead of lifting him up like a conquering hero Einstein felt that he was being dissected like an enemy of the state. America did not give him anything of significance except perhaps a place to stay and of course the American citizenship he acquired in October 1940. III. Edison Invents the Phonograph – Or Is It a Trick? Those who lived in the 19th century could not help it but declare that they are living in an age of technological miracles.

They can be forgiven because during this century the world witnessed the power of the steam engine as it is being adapted to run locomotives, steamships, printing presses and even textile factories (Gordon, par. 1). These machines allowed for the speedy manufacture of goods. This means that the products of the industrial age are not only made available to a great portion of the population but now they can also purchase them at a cheaper price. On top of that these goods can now be transported faster to whole new markets via steamships and railroads.

The scientific breakthroughs were not only limited to the factories and the transportation sector. There were also other groundbreaking inventions such photography. Thomas Edison wanted to add more into the list of pioneering works. In November of 1877 Edison drew plans to capture sound (Gordon, par. 2). For those who had seen the prototype the machine was of simple design. The first phonograph employs a diaphragm, a grooved cylinder wrapped in tinfoil, and a stylus. When Edison spoke to the machine the sound waves from his voice caused the diaphragm to vibrate and the stylus will record the vibration into the tinfoil.

Amazingly, it worked and Edison became a legendary inventor. Critique The invention of the phonograph was indeed a miracle among the technological miracles of the 19th century. But it must also be made clear that this is not the first major invention completed by Edison. The phonograph was his 161st patent and afterwards he continued working to make it a total of more than 1,000 patents (Gordon, par. 11). Considering that Edison was also credited with the invention of the light bulb, there is no more doubt why he is a legend.

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