Cheating and dishonesty has long been a developing problem among students in school. It could not be denied that students, especially those who are struggling to pass their subjects, are tempted to use the best possible ways, simply to be able to attain good grades. During the earlier centuries of the introduction of formal education within the human society, cheating was an unknown process of gaining good grades. However, as the pressure becomes harder, students are faced with the detrimental effects of simply copying from other’s ideas or other’s efforts of studying their own lessons through manual, and now, digital cheating.
In fact, according to Stephanie Etter and her colleagues’ study: “Studies of academic dishonesty among college students date back 70 years or more. The two most recent reviews of empirical research on student cheating(Crown & Spiller, 1998; Whitley, 1998) were undertaken in the mid-1990s prior to the Internet explosion. Nevertheless, to the extent that a new technology is first adopted to perform conventional activities in an expeditious mode, these two reviews set useful ground rules for systematically studying the influence of information technology on student attitudes and behaviors.
Both reviews sought to separate studies of academic dishonesty into just two domains—studies of situational factors, which we have already alluded to, and studies of individual factors, which identified sociological or psychological characteristics as correlates of cheating. ”(Etter, et al. , 2006, 133) True, the interface culture [interconnection of people through the use of the internet] became a much inviting process of the student’s coming up of their research papers and other school requirements through the help of the internet.
The development of plagiarism issues then continues to rise as technology advances as well. With the introduction of the cyber world, everything changes. It just happens that with just one click of a button, an individual could already be wired through to the world. This is the idea that Johnson (1999) point out in his written work. This book has been mainly devoted to help the society see the actual effects that the internet caused the cultures and the personal and behavioral development of people at present.
The interface avant-garde has quite been the core idea of the discussion that Johnson has presented in this book. The use of GUI’s (Graphical User Interface) have made it possible for certain individuals, even those who are not specifically involved in the usage of the Internet has caused much individual advancements among people in the society (Johnson, 1999, 14). However, not all advancements were for the positive side of human progress. True, cheating became an easier task through the help of technological innovations.
Being able to cope up with the high technology-based systems of operation makes it as easy as a “click” of a button to obtain informations from the internet and then pretend that the ideas are theirs [the students] for school paper presentations. As technology grows, the art of cheating among students develop as well. The Development of Technology and the Development of Cheating As technology advances, cheating becomes much more developed as well.
The innovations made through the electronic gadgets certainly affects the understanding of students on how to actually take advantage of the applications and features that are further offered through the said technological inventions of communication. The development of nanotechnology makes it possible for gadgets, especially those that have been produced lately, to store up to hundreds of gigabytes if information. This communication technology however is used in a negative way through informations stealing and cheating by students. How does it work?
During exams, information sharing without the knowledge of the teacher or the examination proctor is made possible through celphones and other electronic gadgets that make it possible for students to communicate with each other through unseen wires. Camera phones are also used to capture details of the exams and then leak the informations to those who can answer the questions beforehand. The collected answers are then distributed to others for the sake of massive cheating. This is the reason why celphones are primarily banned from several school premises.
As a teacher, Mona Field, further reports on the situation: “All of us give exams, and some of us use the same exam more than once. Did you know that a student who pulls out a camera phone during the test can photograph the entire test in seconds? And use those images to share the exam not only with other GCC students but throughout the online world? … As technology evolves, we must react appropriately. The college has no broad policy regarding cell phones in classrooms, and perhaps, rather than an individual syllabus policy, we need a larger discussion of the issue and some larger college-wide solution.
… It is predicted that by the end of 2005, more than 25 percent of international mobile phone sales will be camera phones. Are we ready? I hope our campus leadership will agendize this issue so we can develop the policies we need to protect the integrity of our curriculum. ” (Field, 2003, Internet) True, many students discover that the fascination over the new technological innovation offers more than just the convenience of being able to communicate with others. It also gives them the chance of actually handle the possibilities of information sharing during examination periods.
The results, are indeed dreadful already, however, as noted by Professor Field, this problem could develop to even more serious issues in the future. Certainly, as the gadgets develop to becoming more convenient to be used in information sharing, the temptation to cheat among students who have those gadgets in their possession thus rises. (Field, 2003, Internet) Plagiarism and Technology There are several definitions that could describe what plagiarism is. To further explain, the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary puts the definitions this way: 1.
to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own 2. to use (another’s production) without crediting the source 3. to commit literary theft 4. to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. (Source: Plagiarism. Org, 2007, Internet) True, plagiarism in short term is “Fraud”. The law especially that of the American set of regulations in literary rules particularly gives a distinguishing punishment for this unlawful act. Plagiarism. Org further states: “According to U. S. law, the answer is yes.
The expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property, and is protected by copyright laws, just like original inventions. Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some way (such as a book or a computer file). ” (Source: Plagiarism. Org, 2007, Internet) From this particular law, educators are able to evaluate the works of their students as to how authenticated are their works. It is very important that when asked, a student gives his own ideas, as he is well graded for it.
Copying from others may make an impact on his self-confidence as well as in his mental ability to actually think for himself. However, because of the emerging technological innovations, it is now easier to copy and paste the idea of other writers found in the internet and present the papers to the professors as if the students who passed them owned the ideas. This is an obvious fraudulent act among those students who are trying to find ways in doing their task in a lot easier way.Sample Essay of EduBirdie.com