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American Revolution

Discuss the cause/origins of the American revolution within the context of the Expanding British Empire of the 18th century, pay particular attention to the years 1700-1760, but also note significant events from 1760 onwards. Continental Congress, American Intercolonial assemblage of delegates, which evolved into de facto revolutionary government that directed the war for independence. The First Continental convened in Carpenters’ Hall, Philadelphia, on September 5, 1774, to consider and act on the situation arising from the so-called Intolerable Acts, passed by the British Parliament in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party.

12 colonies were represented in the First Continental Congress by about 5o delegates designated principally by the colonial assemblies; Canada and Georgia were not represented. One of the Virginian delegates Peyton Randolph, was unanimously elected president of the assembly. The First Continental Congress issued a petition to George III, King of the United Kingdom and Ireland, called the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, and invited the people of Canada to join in an appeal to the King to help restore harmony between Britain and the colonies.

In addition, the Congress called for the colonies to adopt a radical agreement- the Continental Safety were charged with enforcing the association; they soon became” revolutionary” spearheads in the towns and countries, creating the First Effective union among colonies and silencing loyalist opinion. Source: “Continental Congress” Microsoft Encarta 2006 (DVD), Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation 2005 The years 1700-1760: Code: 32843363 American Revolution Page 2 March 22, 1765, Passage of the Stamp Act October 1768, British troops occupy Boston

Spring 1772, Committees of correspondence was established March to June, 1774, Britain tried to intimidate Massachusetts Source: http:www. nps. gov. /revwar/about_the_revolution/timeline_of_events. html 2 In what way was this war a rebellion and what way is this a revolution? The act of “rebellion” started with the Act of the Continental Association, that is in “boycotting trade” with Britain. Which soon became revolutionary. And for Great Britain, it is an act of War. 3. When Did the Revolution end? Also, can you make any links from this period to the early colonial period?

In other words does the founding and History of one, any or all of the original 13 colonies factor into the underlying causes for the war. For example, one could argue that Balon’s rebellion serves as an early example of the masses rejecting Aristocratic rule. Although, not a direct cause of the American Revolution, this event could Parallel in some ways to others. (what others? ). The Treaty of Paris, which officially Ended the American Revolution was the culmination of a series of agreements of Great Britain and the United States. The end of the seven year war was, February 10, 1783.

The revolution included a series of broad intellectual and social skills shifts that occurred in the early American society, such as the “new republican ideals” that took hold in the American population. In some states sharp political debates broke out over the role of “democracy” in government. The American shift to republicanism, as well as the Code: 32843363 American Revolution Page 3 Type of order: Essay gradually expanding democracy, caused an upheaval of the traditional social hierarchy, and created the ethic that formed the core of American Political Values.

The revolutionary era began in 1763, when the military threat to the colonies from France ended and Britain imposed a series of taxes which colonies considered to be illegal. After protest in Boston the British sent combat troops; the Americans mobilized their militia and fighting broke out in 1775. Source: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/American_Revolution About the aristocratic corruption, is also one of the causes of the hatred by the colonized people, since the money is not intended for them but goes to the British Empire.

Discussion of the following: 1. British Expansion: The geographic and political units formerly under British control, including dominions, colonies, dependencies, trust territories, and protectorates. At the height of its power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the empire comprised about one quarter of the world’s land area and population encompassed territories on every continent, including the British Isles, British North America, British West Indies, Britsh Guiana, British West Africa, British East Africa, India, Australia, and New Zealand.

Source: http://www. answers. com/topic/british_empire 2. Salutary Neglect: the term “salutary neglect”refers to the English policy of interfering very little in colonial affairs from about 1690 to 1760. During these years the colonists were given a good deal in autonomy in local maters, and the English King and Parliament rarely legislated constraints of any kind. In turn the colonists supported Code: 32843363 American Revolution Page 4 Type of oeder: Esaay

England. At the end of the Seven Year’s war, England began to assert more control over the American colonists, levying taxes and trade regulations, to the objection of the colonies. Source: http”//www. answers. com/topic/salutary-neglect 3. Actual representation v. virtual representation( as it pertains to the colonies). English colonies differed from other European settlements because of the growth of self-government, which marked the colonies early political development. The rise of self-government stemmed from two factors.

First, most of the English colonies were founded as private corporate enterprises called propriety ventures, and some time elapsed before the English Government imposed direct controls on them. Second, many English colonies had participated in government at home, and they carried this tradition to America. England began its colonies during the 17th century when Parliament, the nation’s primary legislative body, was increasing its powers at the expense of the crown. During these struggles over constitutional control, most English settlers in America supported Parliament and the idea of representative government.

In the British colonies: royal colonies headed by a governor who was appointed by the King, propriety colonies owned and managed by English proprietors, and corporate colonies that selected their own governors and political leaders. Source: Henretta, James A. “History of Colonial America”. Microsoft Encarta 2006(DVD). Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2005. Virtual Representative: as I understand it, the representative of a colony exist but his vote does not count at all. 4. The Ideological Origins of the Revolution (constitutional arguments):

Code: 32843363 American Revolution Page 5 Type of order: Essay The British constitution is about Representation, and those representatives will elect the leaders among themselves. As in the case of the Americans under the British rule, the people feels that they are not given the power to elect their leaders or representative. So as, the ideals of democracy comes out, the people wants to participate or be a part in running their government, but the people there are not interested in serving them, since they are just a British colony.

The new Republican ideas, must not be good with respect to the British. Because it must be that the people wants to Govern themselves, the intellectual thinking which are arising in that period must have encourage them to fight for independence. And should I say war is possible and is just waiting for a certain cause that may drive and motivate, and eventually convinced the rests, such that to revolt against England must be worth it. Conclusion: Being under the control of a foreign country (Great Britain). The political and Economic situations are not in favor of the Americans. Such that, being submissive must not last long.

Because the kind of life they had at that time, was as if they have no control of their future or in general somebody owns their life and destiny. Considering human nature, as people started to think and learn new ideas, until to the point that the British who are imposing their will on them is no longer tolerable. It seems (for me), when somebody is imposing their will on you, actually the freedom as a person was gone, because somebody is dominating it. It is better to die than be submissive to somebody’s dictates. Code: 32843363 Page 6

When the time comes to act as” one” that is because they do feel the same. These new republican ideas, of which no one can stop it, even the British. When it is already in one’s mind, the dream and aspirations must come next and it will never be possible without freedom. That freedom, when each and everyone of them found, may cause their life, the seven year is not just an ordinary war, but the struggle and the willingness to fight against the world’s greatest army (England, at that time), must have taught the Americans a lot of things, and it is about Democracy.

When the Revolutionary Government calls on its people, physically and their properties ( the ship owners who allowed their ships to be commissioned by the Navy). That means, there is no more stopping with the war. At this point the English people realized that changes have come. The defeat of the British will also mean the end of the rule of colonialism. The democratic ideas cannot be defeated by the military might of the enemy, because that war will go on forever, until the British people at home, wants to stop that war.

So as to pave the way for the next generation of perception of a “Democratic Country”. And that war must be a worthless cause and must not be used to overcome the “weaker people”. The seven year war must have taught the British that they can no longer imposed their will on people who do not want to be ruled anymore, times have changed. And I think the British must have painfully accepted the new generation they have to face. Our forefathers fought, not for their own sake but for the future, and to end “Aristocratic Rule” once and for all.

It was a war fought against a powerful giant. But the motivation And will to be against the dictates of anybody is a living proof that military might cannot triumph over the overwhelming force of the people who wants change. And for George Washington, who considers God as his greatest ally said, “In God We Trust” Nations all over the world learned a lot to this classical war.

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