Analysis of events
At the time of cold war, democratic world was, virtually, confronted by only one threat, coming from the Communist regime of the Soviet Union. This foe, though being dangerous, was quite predictable and civilized to certain extent. After the Cold War seized it seemed that world would finally find global peace and mutual consent. However, things have turned different and such hopes vanished into a thin air. The world community faced new, formerly unwitnessed, threats related to religious, national, and ethnic intolerance.
Commonly accepted, though ultimately mistaken, is the belief that the fighting against these threats must be narrowed down to the war against a particular enemy, world terrorism. Comparing the old and new world (time before and after the Cold War) it must be noted that confrontation between democratic world and the Soviet Union was based on certain rules, preventing the world from the global conflict. Confrontation with a new enemy has no rules at all.
It turns out that to settle a conflict of a new type is more difficult than it used to be, partially because of the reason that sometimes it is, practically, impossible to detect a real initiator of a conflict. All participators of a conflict are guilty. The bright example of the conflict of new type is the last war between Israel and Hezbollah. Short Historical Background It is reported that “on 12 July 2006 Hezbollah initiated Operation Truthful Promise named for a “promise” by its leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah to capture Israeli soldiers and swap them for the remaining three Lebanese held by Israel.
The early morning raid into Israeli territory resulted the capture of two Israeli soldiers and the death of eight Israeli soldiers. Israel then responded with Operation Just Reward later renamed Operation Change of Direction. Israel’s retaliatory strike has thus far encompassed bombing raids by the Israeli Air Force (IAF), an air and Israeli Sea Corps naval blockade of Lebanon (especially southern Lebanon and Beirut), a force of tanks and armored personnel carriers, and some small raids into southern Lebanon by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) ground troops.
Hezbollah has concurrently engaged in extensive rocket attacks on Israel’s northern cities, including Haifa. However, the Lebanese government has constantly disavowed Hezbollah’s actions and refused to condone them, while urgently calling for international peacemakers to end the conflict. ” (Wikipedia) This short passage gives a clear and overall picture of the background of last events in Middle East. It must be noted that Hezbollah operations on Israeli soldiers capture was preceded by Israel occupation of the west bank of the Jordan River and Gaza Strip.
This occupation was in its turn preceded by “Hamas raid into Israel and capture of an Israeli soldier” (CNN. com) This bundle of events can be untwined to infinity. Analysis of events The world community acknowledges that Hezbollah is a terrorist organization which directs its actions against Israeli state. Respectively, no one denies Israel’s right to protect itself and its citizens, as well as no one rejects Israel’s demand to disarm or destroy this organization.
However, Hezbollah located its military camps on the territory of sovereign state of Lebanon, the government of which is, virtually, incapable to control the activity of this organization. Now the issue of Israel self-defense arises from a different perspective: is Israel authorized to conduct military actions against terrorist organization on the territory of a sovereign country? And if initially most countries justified Israel’s actions, civilian casualties made the world be divided basing on its reaction to the Middle East conflict. As it is stated in the article at CNN.
com “leaders in Europe and the Middle East see the attacks against Lebanon as disproportionate” and this statement provokes a new question: at what exactly moment these attacks became “disproportionate” and Israel self-defense transformed into aggression? When ten civilians were killed or twenty? This question is not a simple one as it raises the global problem of the right to resort to weapon against certain country. It is directly related to the world community and to get into the root of the matter it would be useful to have recourse to the investigation of the question of the legality of the USA invasion into Iraq.
Speaking about military invasion legality the answer may seem obvious: the U. N. is the world’s premier political body; its Charter requires Security Council authorization for the use of force. No one can disagree with this statement. The situation in which the force can be applied is also obvious: there should be continuous failure to execute resolutions, carried by UN Security Council, or their systematic violation. In particular, what concerns Iraq, there was an array of resolutions carried, which Iraq refused to execute.
But it is necessary to clarify was it solely Iraq’s fault? The answer is simple: the world body had failed in all those years to attain the goals that the US government was seeking, in large part because the Council was bitterly and chronically divided on the critical question of how — sometimes even on whether — to enforce its numerous resolutions on Iraq. Thus it follows that the Council, while carrying its resolutions, even if under the pressure from U. S. side, itself resists their execution. Here the EC countries and Russia are to be fully reproached.
No country in the world would execute any resolutions in such circumstances. However, when it came to the point when acts of force were very likely, Iraq, nevertheless, began to execute U. N. Security Council resolutions. But this time the USA and allies decided to launch the invasion with complete neglect to international law . Such total neglect to the Council resolutions, even by its permanent members, caused the situation where UN Council turned into a fake organization, unable to solve global conflicts.
This event was treated by Arab nations as a challenge to the whole Muslim world. The USA and its citizens were looked at as invaders who can disregard international law leaning on their military and economic might. For a common American citizen this is a terrible situation. In any place of the world he or she becomes an object of hatred. In attempt to protect its people in military manner US government created the situation when neither in Europe nor even at home the Americans can feel safe (9/11 events).
In other words, military methods, unapproved by world community, in fact, helped to solve Iraq problem but immediately generated many other problems. Now it is time to return to the case with Israel-Hezbollah war, which is more complicated. It should be noted that this war is, virtually, the war of radical Arabs against Israeli country where, unfortunately, peaceful civilians have to suffer. The UN Security Council has passed corresponding resolutions against both enemy parties – Hezbollah organization and Israel.Sample Essay of Essayontime.com