Many major historical events of this great nation, the United States of America seemed to have taken place during the 20th century. This is the time the United States faced and lived by tougher challenges, crises, innovations and discoveries like no any other time apart from the Revolution and the Civil War in its early years. During this period men of great integrity and substance were required and indeed they were available during the times of war and times of peace.
Among these men and women were Franklin Delano Roosevelt, his wife Eleanor, Robert Kennedy, Martin Luther King and many others but to mention a few. From these great men the United States has a sound employment policy for men and women, foreign policy, economic and social liberalism, working economy, greater adventures and promising national security policies. This paper will analyze the above named policies that tailored and delivered the United States government to date.
Finally, the paper will project the future of the United States of America based on the developments that were realized during the 20th century. Grips in the 20th century The history of America did not end after the American Revolution and the Civil War but so many events followed and these events kept the history going to this day. The American Revolution radicalism never dwindled over the centuries but the brand of fire burnt and it is still burning and many Americans are dreaming well of this great nation.
The founding fathers ensured that the rights and freedoms of people were respected and protected by the constitution. The dreams of our founding fathers like George Washington and Abraham Lincoln were to seal the prosperity of America through the observance of the main freedoms which were; a right to assembly, right to worship and a right for pursuit of happiness. The pursuit of happiness has been confirmed during the 20th century when there were many challenging issues.
The major issues during the 20th century included; invention of flight by the Wright brothers, the great depression, Race and gender matters, eruption of violence in American cities, major wars i. e. World War I and II, Vietnam War, equal rights movements, space explorations, fear off attacks, communism, the cold war, arms race and weapons of mass destruction, immigration, scandals in our leadership, 9/11 attack, terrorism and the fight against terrorism and many other issued.
As matter of fact, all there issues in one way or another shaped the destiny of this great nation. These issues required leaders of great resolute and resolve. In the beginning of the 20th century all was peaceful as the Wright Brothers started to experiment with flight determinedly except the interruption of World War I, which the United States joined but reluctantly with the excuse of protecting its people, territory and interests. The United States had no major strategic plans which later haunted the people of this country and almost sunk the giant economy.
Fortunately, this is a blessed nation for the reason that, during the Great Depression of 1930s President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was sworn into office. “The president addressed the nation in a speech that came to be best ever delivered in our soil and of all he said he started acting on them” (Mcelvaine…216). FDR as he was commonly referred believed in his words and started with the creation of a strategic plan called the New Deal. The New Deal was to oversee the recovery of the economy and provision of relief to unemployed.
Some of the plans FDR initiated are to this day very economically instrumental to the nation for instance hid social security system. This is the time the great depression was biting but FDR achieved what he said to his people by creating excess employment opportunities for all Americans including African Americans and women. The banking system was strengthened. Through his good and indefatigable listening skills he formed a coalition called New Deal Coalition which Eleanor Roosevelt his wife was part and parcel.
Eleanor stood for equal rights, civil rights and women issues. During the 1940s the president and the first were advocates for the formation of the United Nations which proved his effectiveness as president. Beside him was the a very determined first lady ever even after his death Eleanor was appointed to the United Nations assembly as a delegate, “she stood for the New Deal policies of her husband Franklin Delano Roosevelt and advocated for civil rights and even after the death of her husband she remained in the international scene and worked for the New Deal”.
The deal was to avert suffering of people especially the poor and the veterans of the 1st World War, “(Black…77) comments, “If you face starvation, it is better to accept almost anything than to feel that you and your children are going to be evicted from the last and the cheapest rooms which you have been able to find and there will be no food”. During FDR’s leadership, the conditions of working class women were improved drastically like not before and thereafter. The equal rights amendment was enacted.
This was the leadership that put America to recovery and up to date the pillar of the American progress and prosperity rely on what Franklin D. Roosevelt and his wife did in the 1930s and 1940s. This could be reason so to say that made him the longest serving president and being elected for a third term. After the Second World War the American economy remained unscathed because of the sound economic policies that were put in place by Franklin S. Roosevelt. The New Deal remained working with the Democratic Party and the Americans up to 1960s.
This was a major stride in the American history that will be remembered in generations to come. During the beginning of the 1960s the civil right movement started gearing and picking up. Martin Luther led the crusade of all those who where discriminated against especially the black population. They had no rights of voting, there was racial segregation in schools as there were schools for blacks or colored and schools for the white. Black people had no opportunity to join good schools and universities on the land.
Martin Luther King led other blacks to voice there grievances because the constitution which was created by the founding fathers vividly declared that all men are equal but the subsequent leaderships in the United States did not recognize. Unfortunately Dr. Martin Luther King was assassinated before achieving hid dream. The good side of this equal right movement is that, black were soon after granted the right to vote and go to the best schools and universities in the land.
The racial segregation that had taken root in the United States started vanishing. Many others leaders who favored the civil rights movement were in danger from racists who wanted to remain with the status quo. This could have been one of the reasons why President John F. Kennedy another brilliant leader was assassinated. President John F. Kennedy, during his era many important historic milestones were achieved and among them was the space exploration; the arms race took a different twist accelerated by the cold war and the wisdom o President John F. Kennedy prohibited a rooming war with Cuba.
This was the period many African countries attaining their independences and some still fighting European imperialists. (Springhall…167). “Communist nations wanted to use that time and chance to spread communist ideologies which were a danger sign and warning for the United States”. However, the cold war benefited some countries especially the developing nations which were being given goodies by both sides courting them to accept their ideologies.
Because of the determined leadership of President John Kennedy, America triumphed. Another advantage of the cold war was the competition that arose to conquer space. Russia was a united country and her achievements were a thread to the United States. It was the first country to send man to the outer space, which accelerated the United States within the same period of time to send his first man to the moon and it happened. The two protagonists continued with same trend but unfortunately the USSR started disintegrating at an alarming rate.
The USA played a role in this disintegration. “The person for freedom is on the rise. Tapping this new spirit there can no nobler or more ambitious task for America to undertake new beginning that will shape a peaceful world” (Kengor…344). This is the time when the foreign policy of the United States was put on test but there was no harm to it at all. President John F. Kennedy could not live to see the foreign policy he had started nurturing in his short stint as presidency.
Racial segregation subsided and equal rights for all was the order of the day even though deep in some white minorities there was indecency. Towards the end of the 20th century remarkable events took place but still the United States remained on top of things. In the 70s one of the worst scandal happened, the Watergate scandal which forced the then president Richard Nixon to bow out of presidency. However, this scandal did not harm the foreign policy that has been nurtured by his predecessors, but it had created a big dent in his domestic policy.
The domestic policy was dented because many of his close friends and officials in his government were indicted and subsequently dismissed from office. It was discovered that these officials were conducting some criminal activities. Due to this domestic policy that had been dented by the Nixon regime, the later presidents who were presidents Jimmy Carter, Reagan Bill Clinton and Bush concentrated in improving the picture of the foreign policy and they forgot the domestic policy that had seen the united states overcome many challenges.
Katzenstein…97) “The congress has secured an action upon a proposal to put properties owned by a government to muscles to wok after along years of wasteful in action” One of the signs of a working domestic policy was the coalition of the two main parties in the United States. They can work together in Congress or have a joint government which never happened. (Pillar…81) “Mistakes bring resurgent commitment to basic principles of a nation for the people that are despised to know that they have a government that matters about their future”.
This kind of a coalition had worked very well during the time of preside Franklin D. Roosevelt. From 1960s the domestic policy had withered out. Therefore what was experienced towards the end of the 20th century was a divided congress even in matters that affected the American public. Both the domestic and foreign policy suffered a blow when President Bush took to fighting terrorism by military means. It divided the American public further. However, a few things have proved right the proficiency of many of our leaders that they can work together during times of crisis.
One such bad incident that made our leaders to make joint decisions and revive the domestic policy was the 9/11 incident in our soil. This totally altered the foreign policy to the worst because the force was used and diplomacy has been put aside. Nevertheless the domestic policy was spared the face that is it looked like working together was possible again. Through this war, the fear of weapons of mass destruction was unfounded because the threats were averted when the United States struck the purported country that is Iraq.
This sent strong signals to other nations that may have had bad plans against other countries. This has qualifies the United States to be a world watch dog. Conclusion Towards this end violence and small arms that were used in public schools reduced tremendously. Employment opportunities were realized even though towards the end economic decline was smelt, but we have managed to go through the crisis and the 21st century has approached with tougher economic challenges, this great nation moves on. Works Cited: Black, Allida, M. Courage in a Dangerous World.
New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. Kengor, Paul. The Crusader: Ronald Reagan and the Fall of Communism. New York: Harper Publishers, 2006. Katzenstein, Peter, J. The Culture of National Security. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Mcelvaine, Robert, S. The Great Depression: America 1929- 1941. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1993. Pillar, Paul, R. Terrorism and U. S. Foreign Policy. Washington D. C. : Brookings Institution Press, 2001. Springhall, John. Decolonization Since 1945: The Collapse of European Overseas Empires. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.Sample Essay of RushEssay.com