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Complication and premature deaths

In this paper, we will tackle the brief and the possible reasons for the prevalence of hypertension and how to deal with it. Heart experts should really be serious dealing with this deadly enemy. The increasing rate of complication and premature deaths is enough reason for alarm due to inadequately treated high blood pressures, along with its likely dietary, nutritional and socio cultural causes. This brief summary indicates the need for more comprehensive blood pressure monitoring and surveillance on different age group, with more concentration on adults’ ages 50-60 years old.

Findings from research conducted in different region and elsewhere suggest that a variety of factors predict the occurrence of hypertension. However, several lines of research suggest that obesity, abdominal obesity and a number of dietary constituents, in addition to salt, may play relatively greater roles. It is argued that hypertension may be prevented via a combination of individual, community and governmental approaches which promote social capital, environmentally sustainable food production and the public health.

Once hypertensive patients are already identified, they can at least be conscious of their reckless diet and other unhealthy lifestyle practices, so they can be more strongly motivated to make the necessary lifestyle changes. That’s good enough for a start. Objective The purpose of this paper is to help both students and teachers in assessing and documenting daily eating habits, awareness of the food and drink content that may be hazardous to one’s health, identification and management of risk factors to hypertension, importance of exercise regimens and healthy diet.

Significance of proper education to healthy lifestyle may save us to hospital treatment and medication, knowing that having high blood pressure is the most treatable risk factor to hypertension and in the long process having a dreaded disease like cardiovascular disease. What are hypertension and its risk factor? Our body is being supplied by blood thru network of tubing called arteries and thru much smaller structures called capillaries. It is our heart that contract and pumps out blood, making our blood pressure goes up and then it relaxes so our pressure goes down. Above normal pressure is what we call hypertension.

It is a chronic increase of pressure exerted by the arterial wall. But High blood pressure or hypertension is the most treatable risk factor. There are two types of hypertension, ISHIB(2004). These are the Essential hypertension also known as the primary, for which the specific cause is unknown. Majority of cases falls into this category (90-95%), while the Secondary hypertension means that there is primary cause of high blood pressure. Example is when an individual has underlying problem with kidneys or adrenal gland, because these structures are important in producing a hormone that controls blood pressure.

In a recent study, Hypertension is very common; as a matter of fact cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths in the United States. The leading causes of death for Hispanic males and females are diseases of heart and stroke. For Hispanic men, 27. 9% of the deaths are attributed to diseases of heart and stroke, while34. 9% of female deaths is caused by diseases Of heart and stroke. • Among Hispanics aged 20-74, the prevalence of high blood pressure is 24. 2% for men and 22. 4%for women.

Everyone is at risk of developing hypertension or high blood pressure. They are the people who had a family history of the said disease, stroke or heart disease. Race is also an important factor. Blacks are more susceptible than the whites (As many as 30% of all deaths in hypertensive Black men and 20% of all deaths in hypertensive Black women may be attributable to high blood Pressure, ISHIB (2006) It is important for people who have kidney disease, diabetes, and heart disease that their blood pressure be identified and controlled.

Lifestyle also has a drastic effect on blood pressure like, being overweight, too much salt on food with not enough fruits and vegetables, physically inactive and so much alcohol and cigarette smoking. The principle of balance is the central concepts of wellbeing. Notice that health is a result of balance, illnesses is therefore the outcome of some Imbalances. That is where the importance of self monitoring and personal care comes in. It is viewed as a necessary part of effective management of health maintenance. Changes is inevitable so as with age.

Blood pressure goes up as we get older. If you have a blood pressure of 140/90, you are said to be hypertensive. These are facts that you can not alter but we do can modify our lifestyle. Exercising and a good healthy diet will help maintain blood pressure at steady and normal state and is particularly important to avoid tablets for those who already have high blood pressure, Cunha, J. (2007)) Importance of exercise, diet and overall lifestyle change Wellness generally means the complete integration of mind, body and spirit that results in an overall feeling of well being.

It is a process, a lifestyle that acknowledges the importance of diet and exercise, abstention from harmful substances, relaxation and meditation. Public awareness should be keenly observed and screening of the population is necessary to detect hypertension early enough so it can be treated before critical organs are damaged. Lifestyle adjustments in diet and exercise and compliance with medication regimes are important factors in determining the outcome for people with hypertension. An article from the Blood pressure association regarding lifestyle changes, there are five main things to make or to change.

Cut down on salt is the one of the most important factor in reducing high blood pressure, eat more fruits and vegetables especially those that are rich in fibers. Drink alcohol in moderate amount. Although there is no exact theory how it affect blood pressure, it shows that drinking large amount of alcohol can increase blood pressure. Find and reach you ideal weight. The more you weigh the higher your blood pressure is likely to be. If you are overweight, then losing 22 pounds (10kg) can help lower your systolic blood pressure by 5 – 10mmHg.

If you combine weight loss with other lifestyle changes, like being more active and eating less salt, you should see even larger drops in your blood pressure. Blood pressure association, (2005). Lastly, be more active. Regular physical activity makes your heart stronger. A stronger heart can pump more blood with less effort. And the less your heart has to work, the less force, or pressure, that’s exerted on your arteries. It can improve blood cholesterol level, help you loose or maintain weight and help control and prevent diabetes. To avoid injury during and after exercise .

Remember to start slowly and warm-up on the beginning of every session and cool-down afterwards. Intensity can be worked out gradually. Flexibility and strengthening exercises are the key to overall fitness plan. Brisk walking, swimming, cycling, jogging, playing a team sport such as football or hockey, dancing and tennis are all activities that will help you to strengthen you heart and lungs (cardiovascular system). It is this kind of actively that can help you to lower your blood pressure. As well as these kinds of activities you should also include activity that strengthens your muscles and helps you to stay supple and flexible.

These kinds of activities might include climbing stairs, walking uphill, yoga, pilates, and gardening. According to Blood pressure association(2005),depending on your condition and instructions from check-ups, most of the following are signs to stop exercising and consult your healthcare provider before resuming – though some may improve by reducing intensity or simply taking a break: Unusually high or low blood pressure Chest pain, especially if it radiates to your left arm or back Coldness in limbs Cold sweat Dizziness Unusual fatigue Weight increase from fluid retention

Abnormal heart beat Unusually high or low heart rate Illness or fever (not caused by exercise, but an additional burden) Lower leg pain Numbness or tingling in an arm or leg Excessive or prolonged shortness of breath Skin color changes: blue, white, gray, or blotches Anything that led you to seek medical attention in the first place If exercise has been interrupted for more than a week, it is best to restart gradually, similarly to when you first started. Depending on how far you went before the break, progression may be faster. Conclusion

With best regard to the overall welfare of the individual trying to avoid high blood pressure or in cases that the person is already hypertensive . Nothing beats the good old healthy lifestyle. Eating a high-fiber low-fat diet, avoiding fast foods, avoiding being sedentary especially after retirement, doing regular exercise on most days of the week (preferably daily), nonsmoking and avoiding those who do, drinking no more than an ounce of alcohol a day, and managing stress effectively all go a long way to ensure a healthy direction far away from the emergency room or the morgue.

Recognizing that the hypertension epidemic cannot be controlled by a single and specific subspecialty group, continuous effort on providing information about the lethal effect of high blood pressure will be very beneficial especially to those who undermine symptoms. Remember that high blood pressure is the most common contributing factor for heart disease and kidney problems. Lack of proper education and information may lead to unhealthy habits, related to deficient or excess with some nutrients. Without active movements or good regular exercise, insufficient diet may increase the susceptibility to diseases.

This paper results clearly to the importance of awareness to the risk factors of hypertension. People identified with abnormal or increased blood pressure needs to received proper diet and medications if needed.

References

Cunha, J. , Makoff, D. , Marks, J. W. (2007). What is blood pressure? Retrieve from the web 11/28/2007. http://www. medicinenet. com/ ISHIB health facts. Stroke. Retrieved from the web 11/29/2007. (f)[email protected] org • www. ishib. org). types of hypertension. Kiner,Carolyn. 5th ed (2007). Therapeutic exercises and techniques. F. A. Davis Company

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