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Department of Homeland Security

It is only in the United States of America where one can find a Department of Homeland Security. What is it for? Why was it created? How does this department differ from the others? In June 2002, President George W. Bush proposed to create a new department, that of homeland security (Department of Homeland Security [DHS], 2007). The creation of this department was seen as crucial occurrence in the entire history of U. S. governance (DHS, 2007), as it sought to unite all other departments and units with the main goal of protecting the homeland.

The foundation of the Department of Homeland Security is part and parcel of the President’s “national strategy for homeland security” (DHS, 2007). The sole reason behind the creation of the department is the establishment of a central unit to connect the extensive network of institutions and organizations that work to maintain the security of the nation (DHS, 2007). That is its primary role. Before the department existed, The National Strategy for Homeland Security was formulated and the Homeland Security Act of 2002 was manifested (DHS, 2007).

These two were instrumental in the development of the department. The network that is managed by Department of Homeland Security include the other departments as well as federal, state and local governments (DHS, 2007). All these units have their individual tasks in homeland security. The equal distribution of responsibilities makes the homeland security effort more thorough, which in turn renders it more effective.

The organization under the Department of Homeland Security is vast. All the necessary aspects to consider are covered: Transportation Security Administration, U.S. Customs & Border Protection, U. S. Citizenship & Immigration Services, U. S. Immigration Customs Enforcement, U. S. Secret Secret Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and U. S. Coast Guard (DHS, 2007). While the grasp of the Department of Homeland Security may seem encompassing, one might notice a resemblance between the the department’s role, and the role assumed by the military for domestic affairs.

So how do they actually differ? If the Department of Homeland Security is for homeland security, the Department of Defense is for homeland defense (U.S. Department of Defense [DoD], n. d. ) The Department of Defense is included in the wide network under the Department of Homeland Security; its mission is to protect U. S. “sovereignty, territory, domestic population and critical defense infrastructure against external threats and aggression, or other threats as directed by the President” (DoD, n. d. ) The task of the military is homeland protection, but homeland security goes beyond homeland protection. In fact, protection is only one of the seven strategic goals of the Department of Homeland Security.

The other goals are awareness, prevention, response, recovery, service, and organizational excellence (DoD, n. d. ). The U. S. Department of Homeland Security was created to function as the central system that monitors all the other units to work towards maintaining homeland security. It does more than homeland protection, which sets it apart from the function of the military.


Department of Homeland Security (2007). Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://www. dhs. gov/xabout/history/publication_0015. shtm Department of Homeland Security (2007).Department Subcomponents and Agencies. Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://www. dhs. gov/xabout/structure/ Department of Homeland Security (2007). Organizational Chart. Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://www. dhs. gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0644. shtm Department of Homeland Security (2007). Strategic Plan — Securing Our Homeland. Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://www. dhs. gov/xabout/strategicplan/ U. S. Department of Defense (n. d. ) Homeland Security and Homeland Defense. Retrieved January 9, 2008, from http://www. defenselink. mil/pubs/dod101/dod101. html#security

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