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Funding Application for the development of Water and Sanitation facilities

Development of rural areas is an important aspect of any country’s overall economic development. The following is a project funding application to the United States development Agency (Rural Development) requested by the Illinois Rural Community Empowerment Organization in collaboration with the Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs. The purpose of this application is to request for financial assistance to fund the construction and maintenance of specific utilities amongst rural communities in the State of Illinois.

Rural communities who will benefit from this programme are those from Homer, Newman and Greenup councils. Specifically, we are sourcing for funds to finance water and sanitation facilities. The funding will cover construction of water supply systems and solid/ liquid waste disposal in rural areas and associated towns. This programme is recognized as one of the key projects in rural development by the United States development Agency.

The funding will considerably increase the availability of basic utilities amongst the rural population of some of the rural areas in Illinois over the next five years. Project Description In partnership with Homer, Newman and Greenup county councils, community groups, rural cooperatives, nonprofit organizations, public bodies, and corporate Institutions, the Illinois Rural Community Empowerment Organization, requests $181, 500 to facilitate the construction of water and sanitation facilities in three rural areas in the state of Illinois.

The project collaborators will assist with the planning, implementation, monitoring and handing over of the project. Approximately 3 million people will benefit from this initiative. Each of the three rural areas will require $60,500 for construction of the facilities and training of personnel. To ensure continued sustainability of this initiative, the project will require baseline information that will guide the implementers of the project on issues such as community history in the areas of interest as well as members’ attitudes, indigenous knowledge and current practices.

Therefore, this project has both the potential to directly improve the livelihoods of the rural communities in the state of Illinois as well as contribute to the body of literature that manifests the social, economic and health benefits of access to clean water in rural communities throughout the world. Background The Illinois Rural Community Empowerment Organization seeks to provide access to basic utilities to the rural communities in the State of Illinois. Specifically, the organization deals with provision of clean water, sanitation facilities, solid waste disposal as well as electricity projects.

Additionally, the organization recognizes that that access to clean water and sanitation facilities are key elements if hygiene and human health conditions are to be improved. A number of government and government and non-governmental organizations (such as United States Development Agency) have implemented numerous water and sanitation facilities. However, a significant proportion of the population has no access to safe water and sanitation coverage across the state of Illinois.

The Illinois Rural Community Empowerment Organization specifically targets rural populations, whereas most other water provision efforts focus on urban areas. The Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, on the other hand, strives to improve the quality of life in rural areas by developing public-private partnerships with local agencies on micro enterprise development and community development projects in some of the rural areas. Provision of safe water, sanitation facilities and solid waste disposal facilities will go a long way in helping these micro-enterprises to become successful.

Other areas in which the Institute works are rural economic and community development (including value-added agriculture), health care, education, public transportation, public management policies, housing, and technology It is estimated that approximately 50% of rural communities in the state of Illinois do not have access to safe water and sanitation facilities. Lack of clean water sources is a prerequisite to outbreaks of water borne diseases such as typhoid, Giardiasis, staph, cholera and schistosomiasis.

This is especially so because people tend to look for alternative water sources from lakes and streams. The problem could become more acute during periods of extreme water shortages, as people may be forced to travel long distance to access the precious commodity. Further, lack of an understanding on the importance of clean water in hygiene and consumption, coupled with infrastructural limitations could exacerbate this problem. Additionally, inaccessibility to clean water leaves people with no choice but to employ traditional methods of water treatment, such as boiling.

This causes stress on the environment, especially when done with woodfuel. Despite the existence of many organizations dealing with water issues, access to clean water and sanitation facilities remains a challenge in some parts of rural Illinois. The scale of work involved in some of these projects is tremendous. There are also influences on how different organizations operate in different areas, which may lead to lack of harmonization. Many water initiatives have also failed to establish strong long term plans for monitoring, maintenance and repair of water projects.

As such, the Illinois Rural Community Empowerment Organization will not only facilitate building of water and sanitation utilities but will also monitor water practices, health indicators and educate the rural community about maintenance. This will ensure that the water and sanitation projects are sustainable in the long term. Objectives of the Project The overall goal of the project is to provide clean water and sanitation facilities in three rural areas in the state of Illinois. The specific objectives of the project are to:

1. Carry out a baseline study of the target populations to ascertain their water and sanitation needs 2. Construct water and sanitation facilities in the three rural areas in the state of Illinois 3. Develop a sustainability plan for monitoring and repair of the facilities Implementation of the project The beneficiaries of the project (rural community members of the city councils of Homer, Newman and Greenup) will be involved in the planning phase of the project together with other key stakeholders.

An Advisory Committee will be formed who will consult regularly and advice accordingly all other players in the project. Marketing of the project will also be done using a number of channels (schools, newspapers and radio). Community support will be sought right from the planning phase, and the rural communities will be encouraged to provide input. Construction of the water and sanitation facilities will be done in phases, beginning with Homer, Newman and Greenup councils in the first, second and third years respectively. Expected Results and Timeframe for Project Delivery

A number of outcomes are expected from the completion of this project. Most importantly, approximately 3 million people will have access to both clean water and sanitation facilities in some parts of rural Illinois. Further, as community members begin to appreciate the projects as their own and hence participate in its maintenance, the objective of sustainability will be achieved. As such, the goal of project in encouraging sustained community investment while at the same time enhancing community hygiene and health will be achieved.

Additionally, researchers will directly interact with the rural communities and other officials while conducting surveys in a bid to gain insights on several aspects regarding water and sanitation in the areas of interest. Therefore, the specific outcomes of the project will be as follows: • Construction of three rural water and sanitation projects in rural Illinois to serve an approximated 3 million people • Sustainability programmes for monitoring and repair of the projects. • Comprehensive baseline study survey tool which can be applied in other rural areas in other states

• Baseline data on the social, economic and health status of the community. • Publicity of the project. Proposed Project Costs Item Description Cost (US$) Construction Construction of water and sanitation facilities 150,000 Baseline Research Baseline Research amongst community members 10, 000 Training Training of community members on sustainability 5, 000 Contingency (10%) 16, 500 Total 181, 500 Evaluation of the Programme Evaluation of the project will be done to determine the extent to which the project has achieved its goals. This will be done at several levels.

First, a survey will be done on the beneficiaries of the programme after the facilities are operational. The main objective at this level will be to assess the satisfaction levels of the community members. Next will be a household random sample survey in each of the three rural communities, which will assess clean water/ sanitation awareness and participation in monitoring, perceptions and attitudes towards the project attachment and satisfaction levels, and household demographic information. References IIRA (2009). Rural Illinois Development Programme. Retrieved 5th May 2009 from http://www.

lib. niu. edu/index. html USDA (2009). Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants. Retrieved 5th May 2009 from http://grants. gov/ Grants. Gov (2009). Rural Business Opportunity Grants. Retrieved 5th may 2009 from http://www. grants. gov/search/announce. do;jsessionid Illinois Institute for Rural Development (2009). Retrieved 5th May 2009 from http://www. iira. org/ Microsoft Office document templates (2009). Funding Application Proposal Templates. Retrieved 5th May 2009 from http://office. microsoft. com/en-us/templates/CT101527321033. aspx

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