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Geographic Info Systems

Geographic Info Systems or GIS “integrates hardware, software, and data for capturing, managing, analyzing, and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information” (The Guide to Geographic Information Systems, n. d. ). GIS is extremely useful in providing relevant data to answer questions, provide information, manage and analyze a given location. According to Dr. Keith Harries, GIS can help address managerial issue of: “Mapping calls for service to assist resource allocation” (Harries, 1999, chap. 3, p. 72).

He talked about how CFS maps are useful to locate and pinpoint the volume of callers needing police assistance in a particular area. This is done by placing “point symbols” which represents the number of callers. This is then very useful to allocate the “resources” or “services” specifically the police manpower so that areas having higher crime rates can have equal allotment of police workforce. This is inevitable to aid the purpose and aim of having lesser crime rates.

Another management issue that Harries noted is “Demographic Change and its implications for managers” (Harries, 1999, chap. 3, p. 76). Since ethnic and minority groups are present in the US and are ever-growing, police needs to see their specific locations, the rate of their growth, census (number of individuals reaching adulthood), community leaders. These data are very important in managing areas that they belong to so as to further devise plans on how to control diversifying, communication barriers and crime control.

It is a known fact that some of these ethnic groups only speak their native language and a special force that will look after them is needed to protect them and address their every need, moreover also to protect other people from individuals coming from them that are harmful. A wide knowledge on the distribution of diverse individuals is truly very essential in the management of a particular area or neighborhood.

According to Harries, the census of these individuals that are reaching their adulthood is essential in future police/ workforce recruiting. References GIS. COM. (n. d. ). What is GIS?. Retrieved July 17, 2009, from: http://www. gis. com/whatisgis/ Harries, K. (1999). Mapping Crime: Principle and Practice. Retrieved July 17, 2009, from The National Institute of Justice website: http://www. ncjrs. gov/pdffiles1/nij/178919. pdf

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