Greatest Ancient Civilization: Greece
We credit the Greeks for their significant contributions to the fields of mathematics and the sciences. The man behind the concepts of geometry goes by the name of Euclid. His book entitled the “Elements” has long been a staple in universities. The fact that his book remained unchanged for so many years says a lot about how well he stated his theorems and wrote his lessons. No one could have done it better. Another great man from Greece is Hippocrates. He was the first doctor of medicine as a matter of fact. He created an oath for his students to take before they can actually practice medicine.
Here’s a little excerpt from the oath: “I will follow that treatment which, according to my ability and judgment, I will consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is harmful. I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if asked nor suggest any such advice… ”(cited in Hallofamer2b, 2007). Three of the greatest philosophers and revolutionaries of all time are Greeks. These legendary figures of western civilization are Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The Greek’s Contribution to Thought Greek philosopher Aristotle first formulated the science of logic.
It is referred to as the Science of the Laws of Thought or the Science of Reasoning. It is considered as the most powerful tool of thought that a man has in his possession. The laws of thought are as certain as gravity. It’s rules cannot be changed or interfered. His works were extended by scholars who came later but they kept his basic principles unaltered. The “Father of History,” Herodotus is also a Greek. He was the one who coined the word history for that matter. He always sought to carefully differentiate what was known to be strictly factual, unbiased information from what was merely believed.
The Greek Culture The Greeks worship many gods. They believed that though the gods appear in human form, they possess superhuman strength and beauty. The Greek gods and goddesses have been portrayed in various art forms. They were depicted either as themselves or in mythological situations wherein they manifested themselves to mere mortals, other gods and even legendary characters. The Greek men always finds outlets to release their energies. Politics, sports, trade, hunting and many other things keep them busy. While Greek men are rarely at home, the women spends most of their time doing household chores.
Greeks are considered ‘youths’ until they reach thirty. Greek girls except Spartans stay at home with their mothers until after they get married. Daily life and education were very different in Athens or in any other ancient Greek city states than in Sparta. The Athenian lifestyle just like in any other state in Greece besides Sparta focused more on the arts and culture. The Spartan lifestyle on the other hand is more militant and authoritarian in character. Education, as far as the Greeks are concerned is a venue where students are trained to be able to face adult activities as a Greek citizen.
Spartans aim to produce sternly disciplined citizens. After all, they were sent to school to be able to learn the skills of survival as well as all the things that make a great soldier. Strict discipline is always imposed on them. There are times when they are subjected to harsh physical punishments. It is a test of endurance – on the amount of pain they could endure while keeping their pride unscathed. Respects not considered to be essential for the soldier – citizen education are not considered part of the Spartan education. However, dance and music are considered because they do believe that such respects do server military ends.
Simplicity, self – denial and discipline are the virtues they hold dear. Education in the democratic city – state of Athens trains their students in the art of peace as well as the art of war. Tuition fees at private schools were reduced to a minimum to enable the poorest of the poor families to send their children to school even for just a few years. Parents are left to educate their own sons as they deem fit. Primary domestic education are made available for the Athenian girls. Literature is the heart of the Athenian education. The lessons are read – out loud and the students are to memorize everything.
To be able to catch up, they make use of writing tablets and rulers since books are not an option as they come rare and very expensive. Wealthier Athenian boys are able to continue their education upon reaching the age of 13 or 14 and are able to enjoy the philosopher – teachers as their mentors. Human kind existed in his fullest form. Every aspect of life has been touched and transformed, thanks to the Greeks of old. Man believed in himself and had faith in the world into which he is born.
Amore, Khan. (2007). Greek Contributions to Human Civilization. The Genius of the Ancient Greeks website. Retrieved December 12, 2007 from http://www. hypatia- lovers. com/AncientGreeks/Section01. html. Arrowhead Web Design & Consulting. (2002). The Ancient Greeks. Retrieved December 12, 2007 from http://www. arwhead. com/Greeks/ . Crystalinks. (11 December 2007). Culture. Retrieved December 12, 2007 from http://www. crystalinks. com/greekculture. html. Socyberty. (16 February 2007). Greek’s Contribution To Modern Day Society. Retrieved December 12, 2007 from http://www. socyberty. com/History/Greek’s-Contribution-To- Modern-Day-Society. 16111.Sample Essay of Masterpapers.com