India and Globalization
Globalization is an international phenomenon. Literally, it means international integration of countries towards building a unified society. It entails a process of combining the poliitcal, economic, social, cultural and technological forces from different countries to develop a single ideology. Globalization, as time passes, increasingly affects the lives of most of the people in the world – economically, politically and socially – through trade, capital inflows, foreign direct invesment, technology transfer and migration.
Globalization being a natural occurrence nowadays has affected a wide array of countires. Hardly, this isn’t a new phenomenon affecting India. India has been in the past, open to diverse long standing civilization. They have been globalized, and had been globalizers for certain civilizations during the early times (Wells, 2003, n. p). Today, the biggest influence among the Indians are their British colonizers. British occupation contributed one of the most important highlights of the Indian development, both in positive and negative aspects.
During the British rule, the modern India has now been established by consolidating many kingdoms and separate regions. And although, undoubtedly British occupants had exploited Indian population, resources and economy to the fullest, the British era had left a mountful of experiences, learnings and other legacies that are now distinct to be part of Indian development (Wells, 2003, n. p). In these contemporary times, media and communication are two of the most widely used mediums for spreading globalization. These are used to enhance and impose their influence over the Indian community.
Indians use English language as a medium for transacting business, of which most industries are owned by capitalists and eager supporters of globalization. Moreover, on the issue of technology transfer, although there is a certain level of resistance on the Indian’s part, globalizers believe that once they succumb to the modernities that globalization offers, India will be able to attract high technology and capital investment which can further enhance their economic status and accelerate the growth of their industry (“South Asian Voice,” n. p).
But contrary to the mainstream globalization process of other countries, the Indian approach remains tied on fulfilling their country’s societal goals and aspirations. The Indian government always remains open to criticisms from the public. They remain mindful for the needs of the people, and whenever discontent arises from the citizens, they hold the option to change leaders peacefully (MacDonald, 2007, n. p). However, this kind approcah to globalization has seemed not very effective in alleviating poverty in India. Their market-oriented policies have been able to reduce poverty and improve the lives of Indian people.
The lack of social movement and and socioeconomic experimentation in India impeded the expected growth of globalization in their country. Analysts do not attribute this lack of growth towards globalization, rather, these problems are seen to have been rooted from the country’s domestic political problems highlighted by extreme corruption and bureaucracies (MacDonald, 2007, n. p). Nonetheless, globalization experiences in India has increased poverty in the country, The women population in particular had various experiences of exploitation and marginalization from within the tenets of globalization.
And as globalization made international corporations and developed countries even richer, it has left smaller and poorer countries in even deeper poverty (“Negative Effects of Globalization,” n. p. ). Whether or not this relative increase in poverty is attributable to the growth of globalization, nonetheless it has aided in the further growth of income disparity and unequitable division of wealth and resources in the world.
MacDonald, Scott. (24 October 2007). China and India: Same Globalization Road, Different Destinies.Yale Global Online. Retrieved February 27, 2008, from http://yaleglobal. yale. edu/display. article? id=9871 Negative Effects of Globalization. (n. d) Retrieved February 27, 2008, http://members. tripod. com/global_india1/negative. htm South Asian Voice (n. d). Retrieved February 27, 2008, http://members. tripod. com/~INDIA_RESOURCE/globalization. html Wells, David. (2003). Gateways of India’s Globalization. Retrieved February 27, 2008, http://www. aliciapatterson. org/APF2101/Wells/Wells. htmlSample Essay of 7essays