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Journal Analysis

Nursing students are faced with intricate schedules and loaded information everyday. With other things that any people usually do everyday and the experience encountered during cases, it is no doubt that the female nursing students’ body usually fall down. In this regard, researchers have been interested on knowing the prevalence of depression symptoms among female nursing students. The researchers include Reg Arthur Williams, Jim-Yau Wan, Virginia Murphy-Weinberg and Bonnie M. Hagerty.

Their study consists of the different “stress and coping frameworks to understand behavior in relation to life events”. It is believed that stress does not only helped in the development of depression but that it is also a factor that prolongs it, sometimes it is even considered to increase or add up depressive symptoms. The study works under three main hypotheses. First, that the depression scores between undergraduate, masters and doctoral female nursing students have no significant differences.

Second, that the symptoms of depression scores of female nursing students have no significant difference with a normative sample of stress management clients. Lastly, that the coping styles, hassles, depression around menstrual period, uplifts, age, quitting school, habits, use of drugs, stress as a student along with personal stress can all be use to predict symptoms of depression scores among female nursing students. There have been relevant studies that relate stress with depression, such as “major life events, hassles and uplifts”.

In relation to coping behaviors, it is said that the coping ability of those who are depressed requires more intensive effort, used less variety of coping behavior with more self-consolation behaviors such as having a spa massage or a new haircut, more use of ineffective escapism that includes, avoidant, helpless, passive and reckless behavior accompanied by less use of self disclosure, social support, tension-reduction activities, physical fitness, problem-solving and activity structuring.

Moreover, among the female nursing students those who are more depressed or display more depress symptoms can found to increase the consumption of alcohol. With respect to the rate of school drop outs, those who have emotional problems displayed a higher inclination to stop going to school or at least stop attending classes. In the biological aspects, it is believed that women developed depression twice as much as men. Furthermore, young women in particular are said to be at risk of depression.

With an account of the hormonal imbalance that women experience during their menstrual cycle, it is attributed that hormones produces some psychological symptoms that sometimes aggravate and becomes depression. Depression accounts for the depressed moods and/or the loss of pleasure, it is accompanied by either weight loss or weight gain that is affected by sleep disturbances which can be rooted from the different psychomotor agitation or retardation followed from fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or guilt and recurrent thoughts of death and suicide that further affects concentration and other daily activities.

The research have used survey methods in able to measure and keep track of stress and the coping styles among the nursing students. The subjects include 408 participants among the female nursing students in a university. It is highlighted in the article that the students have not been in a stressful situation when the survey was done. Using the results from the Analysis of Variance have shown that indeed there is no significant difference among the depression symptoms scores among the three groups which supports the first hypothesis.

Also the rating of depression among the female nursing students did not display any significant difference from those reported by the female stress management clients, affirming the second hypothesis. Lastly, all of the variables indicated a positive relationship with the depression symptom scores of female nursing students. The first hypothesis leads to the conclusion that since there were no significant differences among the symptoms of depression of the nursing students, then the level of education program does not directly affect the symptoms of depression that they experience.

As with the second hypothesis, it proves that indeed those female nursing students who are depressed have no significant difference from the stress management clients in terms of experienced symptoms. It shows how nursing female students have been coping in able to balance their time, energy and resources in their work and academic sphere. The study has shown that indeed nursing is a very stressful and depressing course.

However, it also showed that there were stress management and coping mechanisms that one can apply during depression. It is important for us, nursing students to realize that such things exist. That the root of depression does not lie on the academic or educational differences but can be traced on the way we cope and manage our schedule and habits. The study have also let us understand that there were several biological factors that affects or may trigger depression, most prominently, women’s menstrual cycle and age.

I believe the “age” factor can be connected to life experiences, for as most people agree, the more we experience the tougher we become, the more we are ready to face life challenges. Having read the article, one is more equipped with the knowledge that one will be facing as she progresses to studying nursing. It opens the door to a more prepared and organized life as one treads the roads to success.

Reference: Williams, R. A. , Wan, J. Y. , Weinberg, V. M. and Hagerty, B. M. (1995). Symptoms of Depression Among Female Nursing Student. WB Sanders Company.

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