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Logical Fallacies

Logical fallacies are errors of reasoning. A fallacy is a flawed part of an argument due to its form. Such flaw in the statement renders the whole argument as invalid. Fallacies occur when a person is strongly driven to persuade others into accepting a certain arument or position, hence ending up in an absurd line of reasoning thus resulting to a fallacy (“Logical Fallacies,” n. d). Fallacies in arguments hinder people’s capabilities to get the full grasp of the truth behind the arguments.

In addition, these fallacies may be used by someone who has mastered the art of rhetorics in order to manipulate vulnerable and less skilled individuals (“Logical Fallacies,” n. d). Thus, a person’s ability and skills in identifying the use of differene logical fallacies are always valuable and integral to the growth of knowledge of an individual. There are different catogeries wherein fallacies are classified, and as such there are also ways of distinguishing the fallacy used in an argument. To identify a fallacy, the person must look into the argument first and understand what the real argument is about.

As such, the person must be aware of the parts of the argument, the premise and the conclusion, in order to point where the fallacy might have occurred. In addition, the person must also be aware of the type of argument used, whether it is deductive or inductive (LaBossiere, 2004). Ideally, there are three steps to identify a fallacy: (1) naming the fallacy; (2) defining the fallacy; and (3) fit the definition of the fallacy with the example (“How To Identify Fallacies and Logical Errors,” n. d). The first two steps may be quite easy to accomplish because it simply requires knowing the fallacy.

However, the third part consists of pure understanding of the principles and rules behind each fallacy and the skill of a person to properly fit those examples into the definition.

References

How To Identify Fallacies and Logical Errors. (n. d) Retrieved July 8, 2008, from http://www. csus. edu/indiv/m/mayesgr/phl4/Tests/phl4fallacyid. htm LaBossiere, M. C. (2004). Fallacies: Introduction. Retrieved July 8, 2008, from http://www. opifexphoenix. com/reasoning/fallacies/index. htm Logical Fallacies. (n. d) Logical Fallacies. info. Retrieved July 8, 2008, from

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