Measures and Policies to Reduce Inequality
In developing countries with high inequality, strong structural measures need to be Taken. Since government plays a fairly important role in reducing the negative effects of inequality, it can outline different policy options that intervene to lessen the social problems and conflicts that arise out of these situations. In agricultural sector, the concentration of land ownership in the hands of the few needs reform. Land reform would not only improve overall income, it will see an increase in wages of agricultural laborers.
Thus bringing change in capital accumulation and ACPE (average per capita consumption expenditure) 5. Land reforms in many Asian and Latin American countries have brought in results, curbing inequality, promoting productivity and accentuating growth. India can possibly gain from such experience Education is another key area which needs to be concentrated on. Indian Government has till now aided primary education throughout the country.
But the need of the hour is secondary education and higher education, so that the population is able to transfer the trained knowledge gained as skills relative to the occupation chosen. The government policies should facilitate and promote education with learning of skills to enhance the supply of skilled workers to the industry. Health, another issue of prominence, yet has not been treated with urgency. There has been many policies from the government ,which have not achieved the target, missed the target closely or have met with untimely closure .
The policies formulated need not only, focus on target, but also be vigilant in implementation . Infrastructural investments in power, safe drinking water, improvisation of rural roads and networking them with cities is very much in need. Privatization policies need slow and vigilant implementation, so that it protects the social imbalance and also pave way for new employment opportunities.
Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Julius Court, Inequality Growth and Poverty in the Era of Liberalization and Globalization.The United Nations University, WIDER (World Institute for development Economics Research) http://www. cdedse. org/pdf/work107. pdf Ashwini Deshpande, Does Caste Still Define Disparity? A Look at Inequality in Kerala,India , The American Economic Review, Vol. 90, No. 2, Angus Deaton and Jean Dreze, Poverty and Inequality in India : A Reexamination Retrieved on 3. 10. 07 < http:// www. cdedse. org/pdf/worker107. pdf> Conflicting prospects for the world’s most populous democracy by Devesh Kapur Retrieved on 4. 10. 07<http://www. cgdev.
org/doc/commentary/Indiaspromise. pdf> GfK MODE Social Research, Retrieved from www. gfk-mode. com Aseema Sinha, Globalization, Rising Inequality, and New Insecurities in India Retrieved on 3. 10. 07< http://www. apsanet. org/imgtest/TaskForceDiffIneqDevSinha. pdf> Other Web sites as reference. http://scholar. google. co. in/scholar? q=Political+Inequality+in+India&hl=en&lr=&start=10&sa=N http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Economic_inequality http://www. censusindia. net/results/provindia1. html http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Geography_of_IndiaSample Essay of EssayEdge