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Mohammed and Jesus

Mohammed and Jesus were both the proponents of revelational religions i. e. Islam and Christianity, and preached the almost alike teachings pertaining to God, humanity and other mundane issues. Both sermonized their teaching in communities whose moral and social fabrics were corrupted by inhuman practices and both were subject to the atrocities of their fellow communities. But the striking difference between the both is that Christ only practiced in the spiritual domain whereas Mohammed was adherent to both spiritual and temporal life.

Mohammed established a state and implemented the religious laws and regulations but Christ was crucified before such triumphs. Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca, in Arabia, on a Friday, the 17th day of the lunar month of Rabi‘-I, in the year 570CE into a noble family whose fathers and ancestors were amongst the chiefs of the Quraysh tribe, and the Bani-Hashim clan. Muhammad grew up to become a fine young man. He became known for his excellent manners, and because of the honesty in his conduct and dealings he was referred to as al-Saadiq (The Truthful One) and al-Amin (The Trustworthy One).

His Prophetic mission began in the year 610CE on the 27th day of the month of Rajab, when he first received the divine revelation. Then the Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet progressively according to the circumstances of the time over a period of 23 years. Contrary to the partial, eccentric, and distorted view of both saviors of humanity, a look at the religious scriptures and biographies of these messengers of God reveal that both were the heralds of different manifestation of the same reality. They reached the same teaching of love, fraternity, equality, and devised way of eternal salvation.

Mohammedan theism is a foundation on which we can build a fuller knowledge of the Godhead, justice, and love same as the theism of Christ. The Quran describes Mohammed as “Rahmat-ul-lil-Aalameen” i. e. mercy for all worlds, (the exact verse says “We have sent thee not except as a mercy to all the Worlds. The Holy Qur’an, The Prophets (21): 107)) and his “Seerat” (biographies of Mohammed) presents various examples from his practical and private life that manifest clearly that he was kind even to his foes and animals. Christ was full of same milk of human kindness and preached pacifist and kindheartedness.

Considering the life of Jesus in the light of reason, His strength, His poise, and His grace are His most characteristic qualities. His strength shows itself in His manner of life, His decision, His authority. In His rugged, nomadic, homeless life there is no room for weakness or sentimentality. Indecision is rejected by Jesus on several occasions: “No man can serve two masters”; “He that is not with me, is against me”; Seek first the kingdom of God these are some of the statements expressing Christ attitude to indecision of will. Mohammad possessed the same will to tackle al the difficulties.

Once he said to his uncle “Abu Talib” that if they (pagans of Mecca) place sun on his one hand and the moon on the right, he will not give up his cause. This shows the immense strength of the prophet. Additionally both were inflicted with harsh treatment by their respective communities. Christ suffered the pathos and miseries in the hands of officials of Roman Empire and the indifference of his own fellow. Mohammed was also subject to ruthless treatment of his family members and his tribal relatives. In addition to physical and social hardships, he was forced to migrate to Medina.

Another characteristic that exalt the both prophets is that both led their followers by personal example. Muhammad was already known to be very sincere, honest and kind hearted. Jesus was an incarnation of antiviolence whereas contrary to the popular belief, the prophet of Islam never adhered to terrorism and aggression. All the wars during his life were imposed on him by external power whether it is pagans of Mecca or Roman Empire. The Battle of Badr (The first battle in the history of Islam) is imputed to the pagans of Mecca who planned to remove this throve this thorn from their way.

The Mohammedan fight was for self-defense. The teachings of Quran manifest clearly; “If anyone slew a person… it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. ” This lesson of humanity includes Mohammad message as well that says, “A perfect Muslim is one from whose tongue and hands mankind is safe, and a true emigrant [muhajir] is one who flees from what God has forbidden. ” And he further said that “What actions are most excellent?

To gladden the heart of a human being, to feed the hungry, to help the afflicted, to lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful, and to remove the wrongs of the injured. ” At the time of Muhammad’s birth, women in 7th century Arabia had few if any rights. Even the right of life could be in question, since it was not uncommon for small girls to be buried alive during times of scarcity. Islam teaches that men and women are equal before God. It grants women divinely sanctioned inheritance, property, social and marriage rights, including the right to reject the terms of a proposal and to initiate divorce.

Only one of his wives had not been previously married. Her name was Aisha, the daughter of one of his closest companions. The Bible and Christianity in general have been interpreted as prescribing separate gender roles, with women being commanded to submit to males’ authority and excluded from church leadership. After death both prophets are revered with great admiration and respects but their true teachings have been forgotten of distorted y their followers. Islam and Christianity are both mark with sectionalism.

The followers of Christ are too engrossed in worldly pleasures that they hardly think of absolute pleasure. Whereas Muslims are captivated with the thought of life hereafter and for this purpose they lag behind other nation in the social and cultural domain. They blame the non-Muslims for all their afflictions and maladies and do not take into consideration that their attitude toward the material world has caused all the problems. Many if not all, Muslims does not believe in peaceful co-existence and are fearful to live in harmony with other religions.

But their prophet himself constituted a plural society in Medina when he founded the city state with the first written accord of history “Misaq-Medina” i. e. the accord of Medina. He signed this accord with Jewish community of Medina live in peaceful co-existence and religious liberty and joint protection of the city state. So an outward show of fanatic devotion to the dogma of Islam and fictitious or fabricated notion are not always a proof of real faith in Mohammed and his teaching. We sent down the Torah, in which there is guidance and light, by which the Prophets who surrendered to God’s will provided judgments for the Jewish people.

Also, the rabbis and doctors of the Law (did likewise), according to that portion of God’s Book with which they were entrusted, and they became witnesses to it as well…. Whoever does not judge by what God has sent down (including the Torah), they are indeed unbelievers. (5:44) Muhammad’s vision was different from Jesus’. He believed this vision should have been achieved with the help of Muslims to aid in a completion of social order. In contrast, Jesus tested the ability of his disciples and gave them the task of spreading God’s word.

Both of these systems were effective in the spread of their word, but appeals to people in different ways. Both of their teachings turned Islam’s and Christianity into the two largest religions in the world.

References

Phipps, William E. (1996). Muhammad and Jesus: A Comparison of the Prophets and Their Teachings Continuum International Publishing Group. The Holy Quran with English Translation and Commentary. Ed. Mahmud Ahmad Bashiruddin. (1988). Tilford, Surrey: Islam International Publications, Bukhari, Muhammad Ismail. (1996)The English Translation of Sahih Al Bukhari With the Arabic Text. Al-Saadawi Publications

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