Nixon and the Watergate Affair
What President Richard Nixon planned and carried out between 1971 and 1972 in the Watergate affair was very interesting and intriguing that even today, people have to take time to understand what this president did for him to be forced to resign or face impeachment (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995). Nixon committed an immoral and unethical act by trying to make illegal moves to gain an upper hand for his bid for reelection.
But not only that, he sealed his fate when he and his supporters tried further to manipulate the negative consequences of their ugly decisions, by succumbing to still another series of cover ups (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984 ). This paper attempts to explain in precis the events that describe what is now known in history as the Watergate Scandal and the salient steps that President Nixon did to handle this precarious condition.
Nixon had a group called CREEP designated as a committee to reelect the president which had funding to sustain their efforts toward this specific cause (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984 ). The people who manned this group resorted to means which were considered inappropriate in order for their goals to achieve.
They had five men burglarize the Democratic Party’s headquarters to plant bugging devices and thereafter monitor the Party’s movements and plans (Colson, 1976) The plan was to anticipate the Democratic Party’s plan and had Nixon prepare in advance especially during debate and other events related to the election/reelection of the US presidency. This was foiled when the security guard noticed something irregular during the night of the burglary at the Watergate Hotel which to the capture of the five men who tried to put the bugging devices.
James McCord, Jr. was one of these five men was chief security of CREEP which made easier for investigators to know with whom to link the men’s and eventually the group’s (CREEP) activities (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984 ). Although there was no direct link of President Nixon’s involvement in the burglary or to the plan for breaking in and bug the Party, his plan to create a cover up by replacing FBI with CIA during the ensuing investigations was caught on tape as revealed in a conversation with his Chief of Staff (Haldeman).
Without a doubt, these two people outlined their plan to obstruct justice, which unfortunately, was another unsuccessful attempt (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984 ). These series of plans and events depicted Nixon as greedy of position and power and thus painted him as one who had no integrity and credibility to lead a nation.
An informant by the name of “Deep Throat” was instrumental in allowing the participation of the media to further limit the probable “escape” from accountability with the people responsible for the Scandal, including the burglars, those associated with CREEP, Nixon, and many people in the White House. The role of Washington Post reporters Woodward and Bernstein as media men who kept the public informed about the scandal and as a result prevented Nixon and his men to hide their culpability (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984). Conclusion
Nixon became a byword for manipulative and cunning behavior during the 1970s (Colson, 1976). The whole Watergate affair was a sordid tale of a person who resorted to disgraceful acts to achieve his goals. Other presidents after him had crisis that threatened their stature, but their stories paled in comparison to this man’s attempts to perpetuate his influence (McQuaid, 1989; Stans, 1995; Stans, 1996; Stans, 1984). Officially, Nixon’s crimes include his acts to obstruct justice, withholding the evidences, and abuse of his power which were solid bases for his impeachment.
As both parties (Democratic and Republican) in congress were united concerning the accusations against Nixon, the president had no option but to resign rather than get impeached from his position. He became the only American president thus far to have the reputation of resigning from the post. How he faced the consequences of his actions was one bungling attempt to another which had eleven (11) of his staff incarcerated (Colson, 1976) for their involvement.
Colson, Charles (1976) Born Again.Old Tappan, N. J. : Chosen Books. McQuaid, Kim (1989) The Anxious Years: America in the Vietnam-Watergate Era. New York, NY: Basic Books. Stans, Maurice (1995) One of the Presidents’ Men: Twenty Years with Eisenhower and Nixon. Washington, D. C. : Brasseys Stans, Maurice H. (1996) “Richard Nixon and His Bridges to Human Dignity. ” Presidential Studies Quarterly 26(1): 179-183. Stans, Maurice (1984) The Terrors of Justice: The Untold Side of Watergate. Chicago: Regnery,Sample Essay of BuyEssay.org