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Observational Behavior of Joseph Stalin

One of the most controversial and infamous tyrants of all time is leader Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Joseph Stalin. In his epoch as ruler of the Soviet Union, he created a system of overall political control while killing and incarcerating millions of people. His upbringing shaped his rough persona and mainly contributed to his stance. He was born on December 21, 1879 in Gori, Russia, to Vissarion Dzhugashvili and Ekaterina Geladze.

His father’s habitual drinking and constant beating made his childhood unpleasantly brutal which attest to his callous and cold-blooded approach later on in his life. His perception of his father was mirrored to people who have authority and power over others leading to his loathing and extreme abhorrence. Growing up he was compelled to enter the seminary for educational purposes which budded his involvement with the communist movement. Inspired by the writings of Karl Marx, he then joined a Georgian Social-Democratic organization wherein he disseminated Marxism.

Landing a spot as editor of Pravda, the official communist newspaper, obtaining a government position of People’s Commissar, and becoming General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) became a major part of his passage to supremacy. His immense reputation allowed him to acquire political influence. He strengthened his influence further by spying on his colleagues, a tactic that became a trademark of his tyranny. Montour 2

Upon the death of party chairman Vladimir Lenin, Stalin prevailed over Leon Trotsky, alleged successor of Lenin, in a struggle for leadership. There were several Bolshevik leaders with greater prestige and more rightful claim to leadership than Stalin. Hence, he progressively expelled his opponents on the left and right of the party. An important feature of Stalin’s rise to power is the way that he manipulated his opponents and played them off against each other.

(“Joseph Stalin”4) He perceived party members as threats and rivals. He endured extreme measures to achieve his intent and eliminated all hindrances. In 1929, Stalin had accomplished political maneuvers that eradicated his opponents whether political or imagined political, party members or non-members and established himself as the supreme leader of the USSR. Joseph Stalin’s sovereignty converted a meager society to a developed social order. He implemented collective farming resulting to starvation.

The defeat of the Nazi during World War II under his time of power launched USSR as one of the superpowers of the world at the cost of millions of lives. Throughout World War II, Stalin’s viewed the United States as an ally. As the war came to an end, differences surfaced between the Americans and the Soviets mostly on the issue of what type of government should rule Eastern Europe. This Cold War lasted until the death of the Soviet Union. Stalin’s historical legacy was overwhelmingly negative.

Overall, Stalin’s strategies were preemptive in nature. His need to be defensive and suspicious arose consistently towards his members, his men and most especially his perceived enemies. Clearly, his background, early years, and influences etched great ordeal and impact which he carried on until his last days.

References “Joseph Stalin. ” Wikipedia 9 October 2006. 10 October 2006 <http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin> Martens, Ludo. Another View of Stalin. 1995. 9 October 2006 http://www.plp.org

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