Office of Strategic Services
This dissertation will attempt to look into the relationship that the United States once had with Ho Chi Minh. A detailed look into the reasons and issues surrounding that relationship, who benefited from it, as well as any impact that resulted in this kind of alliance as Vietnam struggled to gain independence. Introduction The relationship between Ho Chi Minh and the Office of Strategetic Services can be traced back when Vietnam was involved in Second World War with French and Japan. There was need for full independence by Ho therefore he involved United States to help remove Japan and French from the place.
The United States would provide protection being a powerful country . Ho therefore wanted the US to protect until the time it was to achieve full independence. However the question that is being asked is whether the relationship was successful since it is argued that US did not fully support Ho help Vietnam attain full independence. This shows that the relationship was unsuccessful since Ho was associated with Communism but US was against any form of communism. Up to date US is still an enemy of Vietnam regarding to the game it played in the second world war in order to assist in removing French and Japan from the region.
Instead it helped French to root itself in the region the so called the republic of Vietnam1. The impact of the relationship that existed between Ho Chi Minh and US has brought a lot of debate among different scholars who have viewed it as a plan by US to finish communism in the region. This paper therefore discusses some of these issues associated with this relationship. Statement of problem This research paper tries to look into the kind of relationship that the US during world war II once had with Ho Chi Minh.
It has been discovered that the relationship was not successful whereby both communist and non communists in Vietnam argue that US was after finishing communism in the entire region. The fact that Ho was associated with communism and US was not for it led for the failure of the agreement. The full independence was not attained by Ho since US did not like him being a communist. The paper begins by exploring issues of how the relationship started and how it went through before it became unsuccessful . The methodology that was used to gather information about these issues are also discussed.
Research methodology. This research was done after carrying out a survey on the whole issue. Personal interviews were done to the OSS department and politicians both in Vietnam and United States of America who witnessed the war in Vietnam. Piloting of questionnaires was done to test for construct validity before they were posted to individuals who were to administer them. Analysis of data was purely done using qualitative method. Various articles were read to verify the findings that were obtained from interviews and questionnaires. Findings
The fight for independence in Vietnam in the period of Second World War was led by Ho Chi Minh who thought that by removing Japanese and with the withdrawal of the French would make it become independent. However still it was discovered that there was need for protection especially from US which is viewed as super power for a full independence to be realized. This brought to a special kind of relationship emerging between the United states and Ho . The relationship was to help Vietnam in removing French from the region and at the same time US would also benefit through having an access to the raw materials and Vietnam military bases2.
This was what Ho Chi Minh thought by involving OSS to assist in removing French from ruling the country. The raw materials were to be used in the industries and having an access to military bases meant that the US was to be in charge of defense and all state controls in the region. The role of US in protecting Vietnam was not successful since their behavior was in contradiction to they were to do. All their operations were done behind the scene. They did not come out openly to assist Ho Chi Minh in attaining full independence in Vietnam. This argument has been supported by Dixee R.
Bartholomew (2006) who explained how it functioned and eventually the impact it had in the Vietnams struggle for independence. According to Bartholomew the OSS had a close link with the communist group in both Asia and Europe to fight for the axis of enemies. Ho wished that US could do their best to assist in blocking French from ruling the country. A variety of methods were deployed in the fight such as use of guerilla wars and sabotaging the Japanese occupation infrastructure among others (Bartholomew, 2006). The main reason for coming in to close contact with OSS is that Ho wanted to be in power but this was not fruitful.
From the interviews that were conducted to the surviving OSS agents in Vietnam, Bartholomew –Feis asserts that if US could continue advocating for removal of anticolonials at the expense of blocking French then this could result to another long lasting war in Vietnam. The failure of collaboration was realized in the Geneva accord when US did not play a fair game to the Ho Chi Minh. The US attempted run the conference in a bad manner suggesting that they against the removal of French from the region. The problem that was rising was the fact that Ho Chi Minh associated with communism whilst US was against any form of communism.
During this time there was still tension mounted between USS and Russia that resulted into cold war3. This therefore made their effort to help Ho to ensure Vietnam attain full independence to be unsuccessful. Instead the US ferried French troops to Vietnam using their warships . This later on made the French to regain their control of major cities leaving Viet Minh to control the countryside. This implies that US did not comply with the letters that Ho wrote to help him make Vietnam have its independence. As the fight between French and Vietnam intensified the Geneva conference was called to solve the problem.
The French was to take control of the south while Ho Chi Minh was to control the northern part. This was a game that was played by US who went a head to plant their man in the south Ngo Dinh Diem to be the prime minister of the government of South Vietnam . This happened because Diem was a nationalist and anti communist. Immediately after the Geneva conference US started forming a treaty that aimed at protecting South Vietnam . The treaty was called Southeast Asia Treaty organization to block any form of communism in South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
The protection was enhanced by the US troops being transported in the region4. The failure of US to support Ho was finally open when US rigged and forced Diem to win the national elections even though Ho and Lao Dong were the only people who were favored 5. According to Robert K Bright (1998) most people up to date still believe that the election was rigged and was facilitated by the involvement of united states. This later on led to the creation of Republican of Vietnam (RVN), which was formally known as the southern Vietnam.
The creation of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) is viewed by most of the communists and non communists in Vietnam as the work of united states in order to interfere with the independence of Vietnam as was passed in the Geneva accord. Conclusion From the research it is evident that the relationship between the United States and Ho Chi Minh was not successful since Ho Chi Minh was associated with communism but Americans were not in support of any communism activity at all(Tucker Spencer,1998). This led to failure of Ho Chi Minh to bring Vietnam to full independence6.
The lesson that the fall of Vietnam to communism teaches us and Asia as a whole is that so long US still have interest in the affairs of Asia the all countries in Asia will no longer be associated with communism . This is the reason why US is an enemy to Vietnam up to date . However for a full independence to be realized in Vietnam there leaves a discussion on how to bar US from participating in the affairs. This is because the relationship only benefited US but not Ho Chi Minh.
1 Dixee R. Batholomew Feis (2006). The OSS and Ho Chi Minh . Unexpected Allies in the war against Japan. Retrieved on 22nd June 2008 fromhttp://www. kansaspress. ku. edu/baross. html 2 Dixee R Bartholomew Feis above n1 3 Robert k. Brigham (1999). Vietnam War. Retrieved on 22nd june2008 from http://encarta. msn. com/text_761552642___17/vietnam_war. html 4 Robert. K. Brigham above n3 5 Gettleman, Marvin etal. (1995). Vietnam and America . The most Comprehensive Documented History of the Vietnam War. New York: Grove press. 6. Tucker Spencer, C. (1998). Encyclopedia of the Vietnam war. Apolitical, Social and Military History. Santa Barbara: ABC-Cho Appendices.Sample Essay of PaperDon.com