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Plato’s Dialogue: The Republic

Plato is one of the great philosophers who was deeply interested in formal discussion about education. He continuously reminded us that a good quality leader ca be produced by systematic education. This can be seen with his philosophy about the sun, the divided line and the cave. In the case of the cave, he persistently insists that the cave figure must be applied to the discussion of the origin of knowledge – the basis of education. On the other hand, the analogy of the divided line is passed to the shed light on the sun which resulted to the clarification to the role of good.

In his book “The Republic” the cave figure is said to be an analogy of human condition in relation with education which more people are lacking of nowadays. Prisoners who are chained and unable to turn their head which are the subsequent result of what is directly in front of them according to Plato. This tackles the mere shadow that is illuminated by firelight behind and above them that is being seen by the prisoner in the cave. The carrier of the objects which is unseen behind the wall and the echoes that reaches the prisoners through the shadows (Watt, 1997).

To this extent they have some true beliefs that this two-dimensional, monochromatic play images and echoes are not the whole reality, rather this is just a mistaken concept. Moreover, they do not know the source of shadows and sounds which are merely produce by imagination rather by the unrecognized people under the statues. The first thing that is noticeable about these prisoners in the book is that they are looking on wrong direction, preventing them from turning their heads from the right direction.

What they need to do is to stand up and move forward to the direction of the firelight. This is said to be the theory of Plato about education; he called this as an art of orientation and the turning souls around the task of the educators. This is what he said as the common misinterpretation of the educators who introduce knowledge into their own soul and who introduce sight into the eyes of their students but they are blind. This is very true to the nature of education that neglects the reality of power to discover and organ which is said to be present to everyone.

The next thing in able for the prisoner to get out of the cave and light of the day is to enables them to see real things as a straight forward and cognitive process. Cognitive process according to Plato is the cognitive education that follows the cave image. This is a curriculum where mathematical studies occupy prospective guardians that progresses through arithmetic, geometry, harmonics and astronomy. He reiterated that these subjects are most commonly taught and insisted that it can lead to the study of light that can contribute to the orientation of the soul from the true daylight.

This is a kind of program study that helps the student of the cave to go outside the world and prepare him to understand and see the real words. The real purpose of Platonic education is to free the soul things that can lead to turn its sight downward and to realign it towards the truth. This kind of education is liberating that the study in mathematical sciences will be compulsory to the intellectual work. This was agreed upon by Aristotle because this is useful and necessary that can contribute to the happiness of an individual by making it possible for one person to do something worthwhile in his existence.

Thus, making the study of Plato of education leads to direct influence of Aristotle view in a profound and subsequent thinking about education. As of today, awful politics many contemporary philosophers recoil the politics in the cave, who they believe they own worst fear. This is appointed challenge in what we are living, resting content of what we have and failure to ask the right question. Plato gives away to an optimistic view of the power of education to liberate anyone. Now, it is his educational dream that created and the root for much liberal arts education.

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