Political & Ideologies
The single most powerful force that contributions to shaping of politics today are the various political ideologies that are integrated into the beliefs, electoral programs, and commentaries of politicians. The study of political ideologies becomes interesting especially when such ideologies become interrelated to one another so that they may be able to form a collective pool of beliefs that would eventually be able to influence those who choose and have chosen their respective political parties (Baradat, 2006).
There are many various literature and research regarding to the influence of political ideologies to those who would be winning in a representative political system. Just one of these theories is the median voter theory in economics claiming that the winner of a collection would be dictated by the politician who greatly influences the preference of the median voter. However, it would not anymore be the purpose of this paper to explore such a topic, but rather focus on the various political ideologies and what are the other related ideas that come with them.
For example, one of the popular political ideologies we have discussed and continues to be a major influence in today’s world of politics is conservatism. At first, before extensive research and learning has been done, conservatism may appear as a political ideology that is only connected to the preservation of a philosophy and heritage that is deeply rooted in the history of a national culture. However, upon more study on conservatism, it is eventually realized that there are many other branches of conservatism.
Just take for example the Republican Party of the United States and differentiate between the conservative party of Britain and Japan. Comparing their positions, although they may belong to the same broad and general class of conservatism, it is also notice that there are differences in their beliefs. There is, for example, paleoconservatism which is a form of conservatism that was formed in order to BB leaving belief against communism and anti-authoritarianism right wing movements in the United States.
On the other hand, liberal conservatism points towards the importance of traditions within a country — especially traditions that are deeply related to religious values — and had been popular not only in the United States but in various European countries as well. In time, such liberal conservatism had been influenced by other philosophical and political parties that had advocated political freedom and free-market interactions by the works of utilitarianism and other free-market economists (Heywood, 2007).
Eventually, liberal conservatism transformed itself to classical liberalism, which is yet again another political ideology belonging to another group. What we would like to point out using this example is that political ideologies, although at first may seem as permanent states that could not be changed, are actually fluid in nature which makes it a entire study complicated especially when using comparative static analysis.
Also, the discussion of conservatism may even factor in various beliefs that originally belonged to Christian democracy societies. Another popular political ideology that continuously shapes today’s political environment and political operations is the feminist movement. To the untrained reader, feminism may perhaps only belong to one belief — the respect and addressing women’s rights. However, in the realm of political ideology and feminism, there are a good many other subcategories which may be considered in this study.
For example, Marxist feminism focus on the ideology of relieving the female sex by removing it from the class struggle that it has experience for millennia. On the other hand, there is a sharp contrast to the ideology of religious — specifically Christian feminism — which focuses on the freedom of women’s rights especially in the political process while not ignoring the fact that religious beliefs have given women specific roles which also must be followed in this political process.
A more extreme form of this political ideology is separatist feminism which focuses on the fact that women in society could not be able to trust men with operating there government because of previous cultural factors which could not be easily removed, and therefore a separate form of government for women must be institutionalized. Again, we see that political ideologies, even specific ones, have various factors that must be considered and different subcategories which are in fact even difficult to integrate with one another (Baradat, 2006).
Another example that we may point towards two is political ideologies related to socialism. Socialism is one of the most current ideas in the political process and has received commentary — both positive and negative — because of its radical nature. However, even socialism itself has many characteristics which, although different from other political ideologies, they sometimes intermingled with their various beliefs so much so that socialism has developed many other branches that belong to other subcategories of political ideology.
For example, the original framework for source theology is the development of a society that would be able to support itself through the use of a government institution that is formed by the proletariat class. However, other forms of socialism have pointed towards the importance and non-removal in our culture of the market system and adapts its theories to the operations of the market as an important factor in successful government that is run by the proletariat. Again, even in a new framework of political ideology, we observed that there are differences among them.
From this discussion, even in its brief nature, for we could not conceivably be able to capture all political ideologies in our paper — it would fill volumes and volumes of work as fast philosophers and political scientists have done — we observed that political ideologies may be different and similar from each other. However, the continuous importance of being able to classify them is essential especially for the political process of choosing the electoral candidate for the government. References: Baradat, L. P. (2006). Political Ideologies (p. 322). Heywood, A. (2007). Political Ideologies (p. 432).Sample Essay of Paperial.com