The proper method of study differs depending on the person in question, but there are some general guidelines that are usually of immense help. Studying involves many steps, from preparation to actual execution, and the proper execution of study requires careful planning and determination. In general, study involves effective listening and the taking good notes. It also involves finding a suitable place to study, detecting and capitalizing on learning styles, and developing good reading strategies.
Mastery of these areas of study should ensure a good grasp of the material being learned. Study may begin before or during class. It is usually a good idea to take a look at the material to be covered in class beforehand to give oneself an idea of what to expect during the class (Mangrum & Strichart). It is also helpful to review the material covered in previous classes to get oneself up to date and ready to assimilate the new material. However, once in class, the employment of good listening skills is of great importance in studying.
Making and maintaining visual contact with the instructor works along with listening to help make sure that the information being passed on is correctly received and interpreted (Mangrum & Strichart). Lecturers usually highlight the most important aspects of the material. Therefore, it is of immense importance also to take good notes during these lessons. The use of abbreviations is helpful during these times to ensure that one is able to keep up with the speed of the teacher. Use codes to help prioritize and categorize material.
For example, it helps to place question marks beside unclear ideas. Reviewing and assimilating material outside of class is also an important part of studying. After class, notes should be immediately revised and confusing points clarified. The area in which one chooses to do this kind of study has a large impact on the productivity of the study session. It is therefore important to find a place that is quiet and free from interruptions. This place should also have good lighting and the facilities to accommodate a posture that discourages sleep.
This place should also be equipped with all materials needed to enhance study: dictionaries, textbooks, pencils, and highlighters, et cetera (Mangrum & Strichart). Students should also be sure to put these materials to good use when reading text books and reviewing notes. When reading text books, it is important to engage oneself on as many levels as possible. To do so, one may employ the method of surveying, questioning, reading, and writing (Mangrum & Strichart). Surveying involves the gathering of general information concerning the direction in which the study of this particular material should take.
This might be done through glancing at the headings contained in a chapter, or reading the chapter objectives that may be outlined in some texts. It may also involve reading and highlighting topic sentences in the text. Questioning should automatically follow this process, as the act of surveying might have generated queries concerning the topics presented. These questions should be noted and perhaps even written down. Reading should be done specifically to answer these questions.
While the student will undoubtedly learn other things while reading, the existence of these questions should scaffold the student’s interest and make it less likely for him/her to abandon study before these questions have been answered. Finally, highlighting and writing down ideas and thoughts in margins or notebooks as they arise in response to the reading helps retention and should be practiced liberally (Mangrum & Strichart). It is also important to note that different persons react to the presentation of learning materials in different manners.
Some persons learn through the presentation of visual material, while others respond more when they listen or participate (Mangrum & Strichart). Therefore, the style of learning that is most natural and conducive to the student should be identified and respected. Auditory learners may employ the strategy of reading texts or other material aloud to themselves. Visual learners may profit from the viewing of related videos or by drawing diagrams to represent the ideas being conveyed in the text.
Tactile learners may benefit from best from laboratory or other participatory learning activities. Such learners should seek out ways that they can make their learning practical, and their study might involve getting together within study groups. In such arenas, creativity can lead to such practical efforts as the dramatization of certain aspects of the text or the making of models based on the text material.
Mangrum, Charles T. and Stephen S. Strichart. How to Study: A Study Skills Resource Site. http://www. how-to-study. com/LearningStyles. htmSample Essay of PapersOwl.com