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Structure of personality

Sigmund Freud is well known for his important contributions in the field of psychiatry. He conceptualized numerous theories about development that are still utilized in the modern times. Freud introduced the concepts of unconscious mind, defense mechanisms and the structural model of personality (the Id, Ego and Superego) (Kozier et al. 356). This theory states that the id resides in the unconscious, the ego operates in reality and superego contains the conscience and ego idea. Each component is said to affect one’s thinking, creating complex human behaviors.

Id is the only component of personality that is existing from birth. It entirely operates in the unconscious and causes instinctive and primitive human behaviors. The id is governed by the pleasure principle that states the all desires, needs and wants must be satisfied immediately. If not satisfied, anxiety and tension may result. The id is important during infancy stage because it ensures that the infant’s needs are responded to (Cherry). The ego component of personality deals with reality and operates in the conscious mind.

It is based on the reality principle that is about satisfying the id’s desire in an acceptable and realistic way, also known as defense mechanisms. The reality principle is also responsible in identifying the costs and benefits of human actions before committing any act (Cherry). The superego is the last personality component to be developed. Like the ego, it also operates on the conscious, preconscious and unconscious aspects of the mind. This component contains the moral standards and ideals that people learned from parents and society.

It helps humans achieve their sense of right and wrong. The superego consists of two parts: ego ideal and conscience. Ego ideal consists of rules and standards for good manners and proper conduct which may be adapted from parental and authority figures. The conscience contains the concept of good and bad as viewed by one’s parents and society (Cherry). Freud’s structural model of personality is composed of three components: id, ego and superego. One can see that these components may bring possible conflicts.

Freud coined the term ‘ego strength’, referring to ego’s ability to function despite arising conflicts. A person with good ego strength would be able to manage his behaviors and functions well in different situations. Freud stated that a balance between id, ego and superego connotes a health personality (Cherry). Works Cited Kozier, Barbara, Erb, Glenora, Berman, Audrey and Synder, Shirlee. Fundamentals of Nursing: Concepts, Process and Practice 7th Ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc. , 2004. Print.

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