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Sustainable Tourism in Ibiza

Tourism has been termed a key element of economic growth on a supranational level. The coastal areas have been the main focus of environmentalists advocating for sustainable development. Tourism is normally assumed to be putting increasing pressure on coastal landscapes, the ecosystem and cultural heritage sites, specifically their management. In Ibiza, tourism is largely dependent on nature to attract visitors (see Appendix-1). Hence, protection of cultural and natural heritage is a prerequisite for sustainable coastal tourism.

These cultural and natural heritage sites should be protected in an efficient manner so as to ensure that the tourism activity continues to be productive even in the long run. This implies that sustainable coastal tourism should be able to achieve both the objectives of protection and development concurrently. This is the reason why many countries of the world are increasingly committing themselves to the improvement of their natural resources and cultural heritages by ratifying supranational agreements on sustainable tourism.

In Eivissa the natural heritages is represented in the city’s biodiversity, value of its recreational amenities, etc. These sites are managed in tandem with the regulations and requirements of the ratified Convention on Biological Diversity. This convention has two main objectives; conservation of ecological diversity; and sustainability of its elements (COASTLEARN 2010). ANALYSIS Environmental impacts Tourism activities can create enormous pressure on local resources, e. g. energy, land, and water which in most cases may be in short supply.

The Third Assessment of Europe’s environment has documented that, the concentration of tourists in time and space directly impact on people and the environment at the tourist destinations. Eivissa is no exception since it remains to be one of the leading tourist destinations in the world. Ibiza has been one of the most popular holiday destinations for many young Europeans. Local resources are pressurized in various ways such as intensive use of land and water and leisure amenities. The utilization of energy, changes in landscape due to construction of infrastructure and waste pollution.

In addition, environmental impacts include destruction of the flora and fauna, and disturbance of the local community due to noise pollution (Ecociencia 2010). Ibiza has been receiving an increasing number of tourists, who are visiting the sensitive areas- port and the medieval walls, may jeopardize concerted efforts towards nature conservation. In other areas, conflicts may arise in some cases-especially between tourism development programs and other economic sectors say agriculture and forestry. Agriculture has shaped and changed the way of life of the people of Eivissa (TOUREG 2009). Socio-cultural impacts

The socio-cultural impacts of Ibiza tourism are the effects on the local community, direct and indirect associations with tourists and the interaction with the entire tourism industry. For a number of reasons, local communities in Ibiza are the weaker party in interactions with their visitors. These impacts occur since tourism has brought about several changes in the way activities are done and in the society’s value system. Tourists have changed the behavior of the society, hence has threatened indigenous identity. In addition, these changes have touched on community structure, ceremonies, family relationships, and morality.

These have occurred in several ways: Crime, Violence and substance abuse Ibiza has now become famous for a number of criminal activities which are on the increase especially due to the urbanization and growth of the Island as a result of an influx of tourists. Researchers have posited that, increased mass tourism is mostly accompanied by increased crime rates. The presence of a of tourists in large numbers with lots of money to spend, who usually carry valuable items such as jewelry and cameras catch the attention of criminals. Such activities come with vices like robbery, substance and sexual abuse.

Tourism may not be a primary cause of sexual exploitation, but it is a channel to it. Crime and violence in the Balearic Islands, notably Ibiza is majorly associated with the thriving nightlife environment. Nightlife activity has been largely reported in the media as having serious incidents of violence- which is a major issue in the islands during the peak season (summer). The experience of violence among holidaymakers is yet to be previously explored. Ibiza has notably been somehow tolerant towards misbehavior, especially from young adult tourists; the tourist hub has even been labeled the “Gomorrah of the Med” (Hauritz M, et al.

, 2004). Table-1, Appendix 1 shows the reasons for visiting Ibiza. First you will note that Most tourist go to Ibiza due to the night life activity then due to weather and culture. Here it is notable that nightlife activity is the most attractive factor to Ibiza as a tourist destination. Ibiza is a location that contains popular nightlife hence; one could argue that her resources are relatively stretched in terms of dealing with violence linked to the nightlife activity (Hughes & Bellies 2007). The police and criminal justice agencies must be able to deal with the violent activities that are very prevalent in Ibiza.

Their duties of investigating violence and prosecuting the offenders should be conspicuous in order to maintain the reputation of Ibiza as an attractive tourist destination (Bellies & Hughes 2008; Mayor of London 2008). In such as setting where nightlife violence has been recognized as a major issue, authorities should devote more resources to prevention; through the provision of additional policing and security in the nightlife areas and should partner with nightlife industries to enhance safety in the tourism sector (Wallin, Norstrom & Andreasson 2007). Economic impacts

The costs of conventional tourism are intrinsic and are unfavorable to the local community. These impacts can be analyzed as follows with respect to Ibiza: Infrastructure costs Tourism development costs the local taxpayers and the government huge sums of money. When developing tourism, the government is responsible for improving the airports, security and roads among other infrastructure. Public utilities spent on subsidized infrastructural goods or tax breaks may cause the government to reduce investment in other vital areas such as healthcare and education (COASTLEARN 2010). Increase in prices

There is an increasing demand for basic commodities from tourists which has led to an increase in prices, this has affected local residents negatively-their incomes have not proportionally increased in response to this. This is mostly related the rise in demand for real estate, characteristically leading to land values and building costs. This impact on the local community in two ways; first, they are not able to meet their basic needs, and second it may result into a dominance of the property market by outsiders who may eventually erode economic opportunities for the local residents.

When tourists live in their second homes for longer time; prices in these new homes rise, especially if their numbers are quite significant (COASTLEARN, 2010). Economic reliance on tourism It is clear that Tourism in Ibiza is the main (if not the sole) economic activity. This puts Ibiza in a more vulnerable position, anything that negatively impacts on the tourism industry (e. g. terrorist threats, insecurity, and impacts of natural disasters among others) will have devastating impacts on entire economic climate. Seasonality in character of jobs

Seasonality in the Ibiza tourism industry affects the economy since the tourism is the key economic driver of the economy, due to overreliance on it. Problems of seasonality are mostly depicted in seasonal workers who face a myriad of issues ranging from job insecurity to low incomes; this is because the worker is simply not guaranteed of employment as the industry transits from one season to the other; other difficulties include getting training, flexibility benefits, experience, poor quality housing and unfavorable working conditions (Butler, 1980).

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