Territory of Syria
However, scrutinizing this war in the context of the Arabs’ war against Israel, one should notice, that Israel made it its principle to violate UN resolutions as related to its enemies. It is necessary to mention the resolutions, the ground of which is the principle of “land for peace” (See resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 1397 (2002) and 1515(2003) at Global Policy Forum, July 13 2006). Also it must be noted that Hezbollah movement is supported by Syria and Iran.
Syria regards Israel as enemy country due to the Israel’s occupation of Golan Heights, territory of Syria. The cessation of occupation of these territories, according to the “land for peace” resolution, would stop Syria’s support of Hezbollah. Important in that confrontation is the position of the USA. One should mention Council resolution, vetoed by US, which was forwarded by Qatar as of July 13 2006. Some excerpts from this resolution are relevant here:
“The Security Council, Reaffirming all its relevant resolutions, in particular, 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 1397 (2002) and 1515(2003)… Condemning military assault being carried out by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Gaza Strip, which has caused the killing and injury of dozens of Palestinian civilians, and the destruction of Palestinian property and civilian infrastructure, notably Gaza’s main power station, and condemning also the detention of democratically elected Palestinian and other officials, Condemning also the firing of rockets from Gaza into Israel and the abduction of an Israeli soldier by Palestinian armed groups from Gaza, and the recent abduction and killing of an Israeli civilian in the West Bank, … Calls for the immediate and unconditional release of the abducted Israeli soldier;… Calls upon the Palestinian Authority to take immediate and sustained action to bring an end to violence, including the firing of rockets on Israeli territory;…” (Global Policy Forum, July 13 2006)
What exactly in this resolution was unacceptable for Bush’s administration that induced it to veto the given resolution? Was not it the fact that the resolution one more time reminded of systematic UN Council resolutions violation by Israel? Was not it a demonstration of double standards? The idea on this issue is clearly expressed in the article The Economist: “Israel ignores the United Nations and has weapons of mass destruction. So why all the fuss about Iraq? Soon after invading Kuwait in 1990, Saddam Hussein realized that he had made a mistake. […] But as the world debates the merits of another American-led war against Mr. Hussein, the idea has returned in a new form.
Israel has violated countless UN resolutions and amassed weapons of mass destruction, say those who oppose this war. Why then is Iraq singled out for yet more punishment while the Israelis get off scot-free? ” (www. economist. com, 2002). These question remains without answer. The interesting also is the question of behavior ethics of the countries whose people appeared in the epicenter of military actions. BBC report on the evacuation of civilians from Lebanon states the following: “A British warship has dropped off 180 UK citizens in Cyprus, and is returning to Beirut to pick up more people; A Norwegian ferry has taken hundreds of Norwegians, Swedes and Americans to Cyprus, while a US-chartered ship has left Beirut with US citizens” (BBC News).
The cited information testifies that the governments of democratic countries experience serious problems in understanding general human values. Should not they take first women and children from the territory of conflict, regardless of their citizenship and belief? In that particular case the governments’ actions got the widest possible public approval and this is the signal that our society also has a distorted vision of human values. The war between Israel and Hezbollah became the culmination of neglect of human values: Israel defends its citizens against the Hezbollah’s attacks by bombing Lebanon but it does not care for dying civilians and this leads to conflict escalation.
The way out from this predicament is to defend not only the interests of own nation and citizens but stand upon the values common to all mankind. Only when world community realizes that human values are more important than any other – be it national, religious, ethnic or racial interests – and politicians adhere to this principle, only then peace and quiet could be attained in the world community. The following variant of proper actions in this situation from Israel’s side would have been possible. Before launching military actions on the territory of Lebanon Israel should have held consultations with Lebanese government and world leading countries and those which represent Muslim world. It should have enlisted the support from these countries for launching military campaign.
Lebanese government, probably, would have allowed such campaign and, moreover, Lebanese military forces would have helped Israeli troops in the fighting against Hezbollah. Such thorough and coordinated military operation against Hezbollah militants would have helped to minimize the civilian casualties. Thus there are reasons to assert that the neglect of human values by democratic Israel is the core cause of the conflict. On the other hand, it would be relevant to find out what impels ordinary Muslims to become members of terrorist organizations like Hezbollah. Ahmad S. Mousalli in the article Islamist Perspectives of Regime Political Response: The Cases of Lebanon and Palestine claims that
“…Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine … are plagued, in one way or another, with poverty, inflation, underemployment, and exploitation. Many Palestinians or Egyptians, for instance, may turn to Islamism because of the corruption of their political elites, exploitation of the nouveau riche, nepotism, favoritism and the like. ” (Mousalli, 1996, 53) Respectively the world community in its pursuit to prevent the expansion of radical Islam should take particular steps to improve economic situation of poor Muslim countries. Furthermore, constantly increasing military expenses should also be considered here and those of the United States, in particular.
One can extirpate radicalism and extremism by military means but there is also a chance to achieve this aim through directing a part of such expenses to support and reorganize economy of the Middle East countries. The current situation in Iraq is the bright example of the irrefutable fact that solely military way will not lead to extermination of extremism. The improper use of force resulted in fiercer conflicts between Sunnite and Shias communities in Iraq. Bringing this analysis to conclusion I would like to draw attention to one of the aspects of passing a resolution by UN Security Council. This aspect concerns possessing the power of the veto in UN Security Council, in particular by the USA.
The analysis illustrates that the US government abuses its power. To prove it the table below shows the frequency of the use of the veto in the Security Council by different countries during the last decade. The USA has a strong leading position in this table. Period China France Britain US Russia 2006 – – – 1 – 2005 – – – – – 2004 – – – 2 1 2003 – – – 2 – 2002 – – – 2 – 2001 – – – 2 – 2000 – – – – – 1999 1 – – – – 1998 – – – – – 1997 1 – – 2 – 1996 – – – – – Table derived from Global Policy Forum “Changing Patterns in the Use of the Veto in the Security Council” Retrieved from http://globalpolicy. igc. org/security/data/vetotab. htm
This table is the confirmation of the following statement: “Many member states have expressed their criticism of the veto, arguing that the veto privilege is an anachronism responsible for much of the Security Council’s undemocratic and ineffective procedures. Not surprisingly, those enjoying the power of the veto don’t want to give it up. ” (Global Policy Forum “The Power of the Veto”) So, the countries with veto power in Security Council should abandon it. It is obvious that the power of the veto is a tool which allows using Security Council exclusively in own interests and deprives this organization of its image of fair and wise judge in the eyes of the world community.
Exploded reputation of UN encourages some countries to failure in fulfillment of the resolutions adopted by this organization. Conclusion The situation around Israel and Hezbollah is not an exceptional one; it reflects the general tension in the world. This war only confirms that the world policy desperately needs revision. It is necessary to establish new world order and the USA has to head this process. International relations must be established upon the principles different from those existing today, in particular, economically powerful country while taking any actions is obliged to take into account the interests of less developed countries.
Besides, it would be beneficial to use military force in resolving conflicts with more sobriety. Taking actions such as development of poor countries in terms of economics would curtail inflowing of new people into extremist organizations. To settle conflicts it is necessary to resume the authority of United Nations and entitle it to make decisions as regards resorting to force in conflict settlement. The resolutions carried by this organization must be mandatory to all countries. This conclusion can be best supported by words uttered by the ex-president of the USA immediately after the cold war: “a new era-freer from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice, and more secure in the quest for peace.
An era in which the nations of the world, East and West, North and South, can prosper and live in harmony … a world where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle … where the strong respect the rights of the weak. ” (Miller, Yetiv 2001, 56) Unfortunately, in 15 year period following that speech news line on BBC says: “The USA is going to accelerate military supplies of high-precision missiles to Israel”. (BBC News) This is exactly the way George Bush junior and Israel decided to realize Bush senior’s dream of the harmony in the world.
BBC News Dozens die in fresh Lebanon raids BBC News 19 July 2006. November 30, 2006 < http://news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/middle_east/5193662. stm>Sample Essay of Masterpapers.com