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The Economic Basis of African Slavery and Its Impact on the Emerging Nation

The emergence of the United States as a nation has been consisted with many great factors especially humanitarian issues; and one of these issues was the Africa slavery. These “black men” were traveled from their homeland and then traded in the New World as slaves. But why did these universal conquerors choose African slaves? There are certain economic factors which led to this slave trade on the course of American history. First and foremost, “black slavery was essential to the carrying on of commerce, which in turn was fundamental to the making of the modern world” (Hosler).

African slaves have showed economic profitability to their masters in terms of their performance. Being black seems really “beautiful” for the capitalistic American during those times. Africans are people having high resistances to some diseases . They are skilled laborers who can withstand environmental and health harshness because of their physical characteristics – maybe because they were black. Americans needed group of people who would sow and cultivate corn and grains for their own source of food and at the same time somebody who would cultivate the tobacco plant to raise income and produce large amount of money.

They willingly received this “brilliant” idea of enslaving Africans because these activities were beyond their mere abilities. Hiring this kind of workers would really pump up the economy since the number of labor force is quite low during those times. Secondly, the labor cost was very cheap and it didn’t cost anything at all since slaves were really doing this kind of work without any wages other than food or maybe shade or shelter. We can see that there was really an influx of profit towards the American slave master, having the least production cost to gain the greatest profit.

It was really a very unfair scene for these black people. And then finally, the economic contributions of African slavery have been vindicated by the religious sectors of the country, wherein the church authorities have taken an account from the Bible which says that a slave should always follow his master and in return, the master will treat his own slaves with their utmost care. In this statement, Christianity, in a way, fortified the economic function of slavery.

Due to this church support, the slave captors and merchants had no regrets in the things they are doing since all of these things were based accordingly from the Church and the Word of God, so as the authorities claim . This really affected the status of slavery trade. Because of these factors contributed for the acceptance of slavery in the nation. How about slavery’s impact to the development and emergence of our nation? Slavery did play a key role in the rose of United States as one of the global superpowers.

The more slaves a nation had, the powerful it was – something like that notion. The nation’s economy “thrived on the use of slavery” (Hosler), earned a massive amount of profit from the hardworking and painstaking labor of these African slaves. And come to think of it, amidst few mutinies, slavery had just become an important part of the growing economy belonging to the ”profitable” labor force and primarily, the slavery trade had grown immensely larger with an increasing demand for slaves in the black market.

This trade was really elevated the mercantilism towards capitalism (Hosler), which is the present status of the United States of America. We had really benefited from these African slaves whether in terms of labor or the process of acquiring them; certainly, African slavery had played a major role in the emergence of our beloved country.


Hosler, A. The Nature of Slavery. Retrieved April 22,2007, from http://www. geocities. com/alhosler/Slavery. html.

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