The significance of photography
The purpose of this report is to illustrate the significance of photography principles in achieving quality images for communicating different themes to the target audience. The application of photography principles and the recognition of the technical issues that surround the themes of photography should always seek to demonstrate deep understanding of the fundamentals of advanced photography by the photographer (Clerk, 2007).
The particular concerns for photographic accuracy and suitability have obligated photography specialists across the board to incorporate practical strategies for ensuring proper interpretation of photographs to targeted themes. Whereas experts have been quick to point out that principles of photography contribute to high standards of image production, sharing and storage among photography professionals, there is no denying the fact that technical considerations are equally very important components for relaying messages through photographs.
Simply stated, technical considerations play facilitative role for photographers by providing avenues for photography operations and service provisions (Kent, 1969). Therefore, the significance of photography principles call for proactive strategies that guarantee the perfection of photographic images. 1. 1 Authorization This report was authorized by the module leader, Mr. ABC in as a follow up to the practical photography production phase actualised in the course of the module.
In particular, the aim of the photography report is to identify and explain the key technical issues in the ‘utilisation of digital cameras in achieving quality and fully revealing photographs’ (Clerk, 2007). 1. 2 Scope of the report The report particularly focuses on the development photographic images incorporating technical aspects and the principles of photography. The application of standard photography principles into images perfectionist strategies of art and presentation forms the basis for this report.
The core areas of this report with regards to principles of photography will include analyses of the technical aspects of digital photography, the main features and capabilities of recommended digital cameras reorganization and the and adoption of appropriate photography techniques (Clerk, 2007). Data collection for the report involved both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. An intensive and determined research was conducted from quantitative data sources that included books, journal publications, newspaper articles, data bases, press releases, and approved websites.
Qualitative data collection involved executing direct interviews with different categories of interested groups, experts and photography enthusiasts. Questionnaires were also administered to the entire spectrum of participants that included both experienced and inexperienced photographers. 1. 3 Report limitations The diverse nature of the photographs covered in the module elicited varying responses from the different classes and categories of interviewees, effectively castigating aspersions as to the reliability, applicability and validity of the photography views gathered through qualitative data collection techniques.
2. Photography Photography has proved to be a very important tool for constructing visual representations of identities, memories, conflicts and other events characteristic of everyday life (Steinberg, 2009). Indeed, as it has become the norm, reference to the principles of photography go a long way in determining the effectiveness of photographs in relaying the intended message to the target audience. A single photograph is said to be worth a thousand words and thus, any piece of photograph would make sense only if it relays the correct message to the target audience.
The effectiveness of photographs in summarising information, ideas and situations is highly reliant on the clarity of the images presented in the photographs. Some of the key aspects that affected and determined the clarity of my digital photographs included: object positioning, colour, light intensity, shadows, dimensions, positioning, focus, and camera settings (Clerk, 2007). These key issues are best illustrated by the principles of photography and technical characteristics of photography.
Like any other form of profession or processes, photography is prone to mistakes because there is no one single photographer who can claim a perfectionist stance even at the most advanced professional level. Realistically, the errors made by a photographer may serve as a guide for improvement and it is for this reason that a perfect shot can be achieved after several shots. This requires for an individual to identify alternative angling and positioning possibilities through which perfection can be achieved through repeated shots depending on factors such as the direction and intensity of light as well as varied automated camera settings.
Austin (2009) is emphatic that proper coordination of the photographers mind, hands and eyes is the main ingredient for proper timing of shots and capturing of targets in motion. 2. 1 Principles of photography The principles of photography are the basic guidelines through which photographers optimise on the themes, preciseness and applicability of photographs to particular situations, emotions, or events.
The most commonly identified principles of photography include: simplicity, perspective, lighting, contrast, action, creativity, distractions, consistency, balance, action and perspective (Clerk, 2007). Simplicity is the best approach for capturing the realistic elements of photography scenes and goes a long way in achieving optimised impressions while the principle of perspective is what distinguishes a piece of photograph from what has been done by other photographers in the past with regards to strategic angling and unique positioning (Clerk, 2007).
The principle of creativity involves injecting unique impressions on the target scene with the view of telling a story in an enticing manner that captures the moods, movements or expressions in their most vivid yet memorable state while cropping involves placing emphasis on the theme of the picture. Steinberg (2009) identifies Beaufort West by Subotzky as one such piece of photography where the photography principals of perspective, creativity and cropping have been emphasized using the technique of space.
Indeed, space evokes a haunting impression in the Beaufort West photograph, effectively elevating the picture’s central theme and visual message (Steinberg 2009). Clerk (2007) warns that distractions must always be avoided at all costs to ensure the theme of a picture is not rendered irrelevant and the principle of balance should be emphasized to ensure consistency in the transitions between the focal point and the surrounding features. The other principles of lighting, contrast and action form the basis for achieving consistent transitions in the outlay of the final outcome of photography images.
Image transitions are actually responsible for creating lasting impressions in pictures. Austin (2009) identifies the transitions between the process of digital imaging and the ultimate vision of the targeted scenes or objects as very important interrelated elements that skilled photographers apply in achieving high quality images. Whereas the process of digital imaging is reliant on the mechanical aspects and physical features of a digital camera, the element of vision is what captures the focal or conspicuous target of the target in its most natural state (Austin, 2009).
2. 2 Technical aspects of photography The technical aspects of photography are the aspects which determine the quality of images as dictated by the mapping of scenes, targets, objects and image transitions by a photographer. The technical aspects are what enable a photographer capture emotions and memories through elements of visual realities (Ratcliff, 2009). Whether using a very expensive digital camera with advanced features or a simple film camera, the photographer should not entirely rely on the features of the camera to determine the quality of the pictures.
The technical aspects of photography are basically used to translate the principles of photography into practice. It is only through constant application of the technical elements of photography that the principles of photography can be applied effectively in photography processes (Rice, 2004). The commonly applied manual and automated camera manipulation techniques include lens adjustments, shutter release modes, flash automation and sensor movements (Westfall, 2009).
However, such manipulations are not adequate for both passive and professional photography and thus, the photographer must put to action numerous practical techniques to capture high quality images. As Luther (2009) observes, issues such as the photographer’s positioning and the distance between the photographer and the object are very important ingredients of the technical mix in photography. Indeed, modern cameras have eased the process of photography with the variety of options that they provide which eliminate the technicalities that concern F – Stops, ISO speed and light meters (Luther, 2009).
Some of the fundamentals of photography that draw distinctions between expert and armature photographers include the utility of automatic settings of cameras, composition of pictures before shooting, practical framing of photographs, angling of shots relative to the light intensity and direction and individual composure and positioning while taking photographs. Utility of automated camera features should be as minimised as possible to ensure that image transitions are captured in their most natural form.
Luther (2009) asserts that photographers who emphasize on camera features such as zoom tend to lose control of the final product and such instances can be avoided by either moving towards or away from the target image while angling for a shot. Composure of pictures before shooting involves background, angle and focus evaluation while emphasizing on the elements of shapes, patterns, lines, textures and sizes (Kent, 1969). The optimisation of the qualities of the target images is further achieved through precise framing of the background through the viewfinder on the one hand while appropriating the effects of lighting on the other.
Framing actually portends and further evokes rhythmic progression towards setting a digital camera’s focus on the principal target without diminishing the significance of the surrounding items (Rice, 2004). In fact, framing is the principle tool for achieving balanced emphasis on a piece of photograph. Texture determines the effectiveness of a photograph to reflect the context under which it was shot (Rice, 2004). For instance, soft images portray lack of precise focusing while sharp images indicate preciseness of focus.
The direction of lighting impacts on the impression of the images through the intensity of tones and shades and it is for this reason that the use of natural lighting must always be prioritised unless it is dark. Effects of the red eye is usually minimised by simply turning off the automatic flash and angling at the target scene or object from the indirect direction of light (Kent, 1969). The one other important technique that must always be observed by all photographers is the taking of deep breath before finally clicking the shutter button (Luther, 2009).
Photography is a procedural undertaking that must always be complimented by adequate imagination so as to achieve optimised creativity (Peterson, 2003). For an experienced or routine photographer, imagination is drawn from previous photographing experiences whereby issues such as target positioning, distance, light intensity and direction and colour tones can be achieved through simple mental approximations. However, as Peterson (2003) notes, imagination and creativity can only be achieved through demonstrated simplicity and flexibility.
To this end, any advanced camera features should only serve to supplement the photographer’s imagination in terms of optimising image quality and coverage. Interactions among different elements of the target objects or scenes result to the emergence of the desired results for shooting pictures. By and large, the resulting images usually result from the interactions amongst localised agents around the target objects or scenes and between the target and other components of the entire surrounding environment as a whole (Smith, 2001).
3. Conclusion Photography is indeed a technical and procedural process that involves more than just aiming at the target objects or scenes for picture images. The principles of photography remain very important guidelines for both budding and experienced photographers out to make a difference in their professions (Luther, 2007). The technical aspects of photography are particularly illustrative of the technical intricacies that surround photography with regards to themes and occasions captured by pictures.
The ability of photographers to make lasting impressions is therefore reliant on their abilities to utilize their cameras in the simplest ways possible and capturing images in their most natural settings possible. Peterson (2003) acknowledges that contrary to misconceptions that photography requires much application of technical know how, the successful shooting of high quality photographs is dependent on simplicity in imagination, creativity and utility of the natural elements of nature such as light intensity and space. List of References
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