The United Nations
The pages of human history daubed in bloodshed ask a crying question. How to make this Planet Earth heaven-like? The answer is simple and direct. Eyes full of understanding, hearts full of love and the life that refuses conflicts-these alone are enough! The UNO and its subsidiary Organizations have one ultimate perspective. “The world is one family. ” Therefore, any program initiated by it has one underlying objective. That it should bring happiness to the world populace and should not cause damage to any section of the society in the world.
Every program for the betterment of the world…. “The world is one family” is an ancient oriental concept. On a careful and impartial analysis you find that the objectives of people all over the world are the same: Food, clothing shelter, peace, happiness and security! “How much easier it could be if we focused on our similarities instead of our differences. And with that, how much easier it would be to find the necessary cooperation that would pave the way for global assistance in helping everyone acquire what they need.
” (Knapp…. ) The Victim Support Project: This is known as the victim support project as implemented in India and other countries. The title of this project is GLO/R32 Project—Building non-government support structures for victims of violent crime, including victims of trafficking in persons, the executing Agency being UNODC/ Human Security Branch. The duration for the program was for 24 months (2004-2006). It had a total budget of US$ 890,371. Donor countries were Netherlands $ 103,437; Italy $ 188,810 and USA $ 598,124.
The purpose of every project, every study is not merely to find answers to solve the existing problems, but to think imaginatively to begin a new quest for more knowledge and understanding so that the root cause of the problems is understood and treated as such. Background of the issue: Women and children are vulnerable to violent crimes including human trafficking. It touches tens of thousands of individuals directly and millions indirectly. One case relating to trafficking destroys the peace of mind of the entire village populace. It’s most negative impact is concentrated amongst the vulnerable and marginalized in societies.
Information gathering and rehabilitation work in this area is tough and the available data is scanty. Strategies for intervention need to be well thought out. Even though the abuse is being increasingly recognized, this phenomenon and related problems have not historically been visible in official statistics and studies. The problem varies with each individual and the anti-trafficking programs include providing shelter, training facilities, psychological and legal support. The recovery period is also unpredictable, as it depends upon the impact of physical as well as injury to the psyche of the individual.
This program is implemented with the co-operation of Non-Governmental Organizations. Their efforts complement UNODC’s victim support and anti-human trafficking activities by directly addressing the needs of victims. “Victims” mean persons who, individually or collectively, have suffered harm, including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of their fundamental rights, through acts of omissions that are in the violation of criminal laws operative within Member States, including those laws proscribing criminal abuse of power.
”(Victim…)Some do know about the treatment services, but a number of others are neither aware of services, nor have sought any treatment. Positively however, many victims did report strong religious beliefs, bordering superstition. But the spiritual inclination is so strong that it has been successfully incorporated into treatment. Trafficking and the related drug abuse and its social consequences commonly led to feelings of guilt, shame, embarrassment, anxiety, depression and frequent suicidal thoughts in the victims.
Shame and embarrassment caused many a woman to build a wall of silence around her, thus increasing her isolation and helplessness in the situation. Many preferred to remain socially isolated because of the fear that the stigma in the family would jeopardize their chances offending marriage matches for their children. Analysis of the issue: Trafficking is an illegal activity. Accurate statistics are not available but the number must be in many thousands (as also would be seen from the frequent press reports). Both women and children are facing this risk.
The major source countries are Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, besides India which is both sourcing and destination country. The border between Nepal and India is long and porous. Thousands cross borders everyday. This is also a sensitive issue that has political impact. In the guise of trafficking, disruptive forces which are threat to the internal security of the country operate, sometimes with the dubious support of the local anti-national elements. Thus, this forms as a law and order problem for the host country.
The achievements of the Victim Support Project, in a nutshell, have been encouraging in the areas of setting up of supporting the existing Rescue/Shelter Homes, Crisis Intervention Centers, direct assistance to victims of violent crime or trafficking, training of police officials, reaching stakeholders through advocacy, setting up Hotline Telephones for people in distress, by developing training Manual for Police, developing Kit on Safe Migration, conducting research study in relation between child marriages and trafficking, by pursing the high profile cases in superior courts to establish a right based anti-trafficking response regime, and by mobilizing the communities to check violence and trafficking. There is another aspect to this ‘trade’ of trafficking. Then growing financial independence of women has brought along with it changing lifestyles as well as additional tensions where women become sole economic provider for the family. Peer pressure, a need for excitement, and stress appear to operate as initiators to this vice den. These factors interact in a complex manner and together increase the impact of the negative tendencies, through a multiplier effect. Such women are perceived as deviants and thus stigmatized and socially isolated. This, in turn, increases and compounds social disadvantage.
Involvement in criminal activity and commercial sexual activity as means of enhancing income to support illegal activities is an expected outcome and, as such, perpetuate the vicious cycle of social marginalization. Despite significant psychological distress, a lot of the women never received any treatment, several believing that treatment for psychological distress was a vanity that only the rich could afford. Some of them did take help; some others relieved stress with self-chosen psychotropic medication, putting themselves at great risk. Preliminary research has shown that human trafficking is also closely interlinked to drug use and their increasing involvement in the drug distribution network. Dire economic conditions and the lure of money often lead women to become involved with drug couriering and peddling.
The usual profile of a drug courier is a woman of childbearing age, single or married with children, unemployed, a trader or menial worker and financially impoverished. The need for a focused policy and concerned national and regional action to address trafficking aspects and drug abuse problem, from both perceived burden and drug use perspectives, is absolutely necessary, on most urgent basis. It is also observed that lots of scope exists for the legal initiatives. Existing laws are not properly used either due to fear or poor knowledge about the legal provisions. Exercise of Human Rights Laws and use of legal system will act as deterrent to the trafficking individuals and the related network. The system of intelligence and prosecution needs to be tightened.
This can be achieved through case representation and public interest petition in the Courts. Specific recommendations for actions: The present efforts made by various government Agencies, UNODC, NGOs, medical practitioners and philanthropists in the area of human trafficking of women and children, is like blocking a furiously advancing avalanche with the fence of straw. Or trying to touch the moon by kite-flying! Or controlling the rushing flood waters of the river by filling pitchers! Statistical studies are no doubt needed, but it is of no use digging the well when the house is on fire. When there is a war, the goal should be to win the war, no matter how you win.
I mean to say, all the relative efforts need to be directed against rooting out trafficking. These initiatives should be implemented by honest individuals on a grand scale and with extra dedication and care! It is a heart-breaking reality that such serious problems are allowed to linger on with the result they assume serious social dimensions. Nevertheless, human beings possess adequate wisdom to learn from past mistakes. The violence and trafficking that affects other children, may affect your children in one way or the other, if you take a complacent view. One needs to own the social problem as one’s own individual problem and react accordingly.
Otherwise, any amount of government control, passing of legislation will not provide the permanent solution to the problem. Partial solutions, reacting strongly upon happening of a major unfortunate event, will not solve the issue. Fundamental analysis of the problem, deterrent steps, and ruthless implementation of the policy, within the perimeters of the law, speedy trials and the fear of heavy punishment are some of the immediate measures required. There is also a need for a shift from a purely individual, single-cause liner model to a multi-cause interactive model in understanding trafficking and drug abuse. Drug abuse and is effects on women needs to be understood in the context of gender as a process and an institution.
Thus all treatment modalities that serve women must be sensitive to needs such as counseling, family therapy, services such as transportation, child-care, housing, legal assistance and job and vocational training. They must be sensitive to diverse cultural needs. Alternative facilities such as separate women’s treatment programs, acceptance of children in treatment programs, attention to pregnant women and economic rehabilitation issues need to be addressed as well. No single paradigm or strategy can effectively address the ever-changing drug scenario, especially given the regional variations and the pluralistic and cultural diversity of a particular society. Different elements of intervention and prevention may be drawn upon to develop an eclectic model, suitable and appropriate to local and regional situations.
Such elements should include, bringing into national focus the issue of women, media campaigns and information programs that inform the society through trafficking related issues, strategies that discourage this activity and promote rehabilitation and recovery, steps to increase women’s access throughout the life cycle to appropriate, affordable and quality health care and related services, improving access to appropriate treatment and rehabilitative services for affected women, strengthening preventive programs for promoting women’s health, support for programs addressing HIV risk prevention, with high risk sexual behavior, participation of women in such welfare programs, dealing with situational factors that increase the burden on women, building up support groups, strengthening mechanisms to rebuild family relationships strained due to various economic and social factors etc.
Not paucity of socio spiritual plans, but sincerity of implementation matters, for the issue is very sensitive. Establishing anti-trafficking community resource cell at the District Level is helpful. Such projects look after the welfare of women and children who have been trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. A model unit will look after the basics such as to take initiative to rescue women and children directly from brothels, construct half-way homes (transit home) where the rescued victims are offered initial economic and psycho social support, build confidence in them leading to self-sufficiency through entrepreneurship development and economic empowerment initiatives, home and educational facilities for the children etc.
Sustainable livelihood options need to be provided. Immediate cash-generation is the objective so that the victims remain inspired and feel that they are progressing in the right direction. Rescued girls are trained in printing, photo lamination, welding, fabrication, desk op printing, computers, horticulture etc. Conclusion: Examine and review the history of humanity since World War II. It is clear that ‘isms’ are not going to provide the solution for a peaceful society where the individual can really feel that he is a world citizen. The basic unit of the society is individual. Unless his thought process changes, his action process can not change!
When the thoughts are changed, the mind is changed; when the mind is changed, the man is changed; when the man is changed, the society is changed; when the society is changed, the Nation is changed; when the Nations change for the better, the concepts like ‘world citizen’ and ‘world peace’ become attainable realities. “The New Millennium requires new thinking, new goals, new norms, new institutions and new organizations. That is, instead of treating each other like enemies, the members of world community have to learn to conceive of the global society as a single family; a society which is spiritually beautiful, materially affluent, and humanly rewarding. ”(Choue, 2000)Finally, “By having a solid understanding of such spiritual knowledge, there is automatically a respect for all others regardless of race, sex, or species.
This brings a moral and peaceful social behavior in everybody toward everyone. By having respect for everyone’s spiritual identity, parts and parcels of the Lord, this also brings an innate happiness in us all. ”(Knapp…)
Knapp, Stephen: Article: The Whole World is One Family: www. stephen-knapp. com/whole_world_is_one_family. htm – 12k, retrieved on November 10, 2007. Article: Victim Support Project, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, criminal. [email protected] org. Choue, Young Seek: Article: A Grand Design of NGOs for the New Millennium, Millennium Forum, United Nations Headquarters, New York (May 22, 2000)Sample Essay of AssignmentExpert.com