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Theories on Personalities

Sigmund Freud developed the technique of psychoanalysis and other psychoanalytic theories. Psychoanalysis is a scientific process used to investigate the unconscious mental process. It also refers to the relationship between the conscious and the unconscious psychological process. The theory of psychoanalysis covers four aspects: – the unconscious – Id, ego, and superego – anxiety – instinctual drives Personality is the deep pattern of thought, feeling, and behavior of an individual. According to Feud, the unconscious process greatly influences an individual’s personality.

2. 0 BODY In this case, there are two persons. Person A and Person B. Person A is extremely conscientious about creating a study schedule for him/her self and sticking to it, while person B falls behind schedule and seems unaware of the problem (s) he is creating for him/her self. Freud shared a theory on the provinces of the mind, that is the Id, the ego and the superego as the factors affecting an individuals personality. The ego is a mediator between the unconscious impulses and acquired personal and social character, which then influences the superego.

The superego develops during childhood and the child unconsciously adopts the values and standards, of his parents first, then the social environment. In this case, Person A might have been raised in a situation where the parents and the socail surroundings is that of people who strictly follow schedule and therefore adopted this behavior, while person B might have grown up in a rather relaxed schedule where he was not forced to strictly follow schedule. However, other social cognitive theories advocate that personality is influenced by group situations. Personality under these theories is affected by the following factors:

– conformity – obedience – attitudes and persuasion Clearly, Person A is very obedient to strictly follow the schedule, while Person B cares nonetheless. The attitudes of these two persons towards the follow-up of the schedule is very different. Person B, though he/ she falls way behind schedule, s(he) is least bothered about the consequences. 3. 0 CONCLUSION Though these theories explain the different attitudes in their own way, it is very clear that personality begins in the mind, whether consciously or unconsciosly.

REFERENCE:

Smith, A. Why You Are Different From Me: Theories on Personalities. Irwin, 2003.

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