Unreasonableness of Animal Experimentation
Professor Charles R. Magel has stated, “Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is: ‘Because the animals are like us. ‘ Ask the experimenters why it is morally OK to experiment on animals, and the answer is: ‘Because the animals are not like us. ‘ Animal experimentation rests on a logical contradiction (“Animal Testing 101”). ” Besides, in actuality, animals are not like us. Cohen agrees with this view, for he believes that animals cannot have rights as humans do seeing that animals do not understand the meaning of having rights. Hence, according to Cohen, it is morally OK to experiment on animals.
In actuality, animals are not like us because there are various biological dissimilarities between humans and animals, making it absolutely unreasonable to compare humans with animals. As an example, morphine is supposed to calm human beings, but it excites cats. Cortisone does not cause birth defects in humans; it only does so in mice. Had we relied on the results of experiments conducted on animal subjects, we would not have discovered the benefits of penicillin to humans; nor the life saving value of digitalis to those people who are suffering from heart disease (“Animal Experimentation”).
All the same, Cohen refuses to take this research into account when he claims that the benefits of animal experimentation outweigh its costs. Despite the research reports on the unreasonableness of animal experimentation, approximately one hundred and fifteen million animals are still being experimented on and later killed in the laboratories of U. S. experimenters year after year (“Animal Testing 101”). Of these animals, 2 to 4 million are being used in safety testing alone (“Animal Testing”).
Yet, it is illogical for scientists to use animals for research that is meant to benefit humans. There are general benefits of knowledge realized by all those who possess it. After all, it is through our failed research with drugs using animals that we have come to realize that animals differ from us biologically. Therefore, we should not move forward with such research. Human intelligence is to learn from our mistakes, even if a mistake is made only once.
There is no reason to put animals to torture by giving them harmful medicines, later to discover that those medicines are actually beneficial for humans. Scientists are supposed to be some of the most intelligent people in the world. They should have understood by now that it is illogical to use animals for tests that are designed to benefit humans. One can only imagine how many drugs of benefit to human beings are being discarded by scientists because the drugs do not work on animals in the laboratories.
Some of those drugs may cure AIDS or cancer. By determining that those drugs do not work on animals, scientists may very well be doing away with the idea of such drugs altogether. Scientists had been using rats for cancer research before it was reported in the year 1993 that using rats for cancer research is essentially pointless given that the gene repair system of rats makes them unusually susceptible to cancer. In other words, there are significant differences in the way the genes of rodents and humans are repaired (“Animal Experimentation”).
Although this fact is out – one could expect that scientists who give in to illogical theories would continue to use rats for cancer research. In point of fact, Cohen’s arguments are still believed by countless people. To stop the scientists from misplacing our valuable resources – finances, in addition to the ecological advantages of animals – the government should step forward and put an end to animal experimentation altogether. Animal testing is clearly unreasonable, and there is no reason to argue about it anymore.
Animal Experimentation: Cruel and Unnecessary. 1 Dec 2007. <http://members. iinet. net. au/~rabbit/aniexp. htm>. “Animal Testing 101. ” Stop Animal Tests. 1 Dec 2007. <http://www. stopanimaltests. com/animalTesting101. asp>. “Animal Testing. ” The Human Society of the United States (2007). 1 Dec 2007. <http://www. hsus. org/animals_in_research/animal_testing/>. Cohen, C. “The case for the use of animals in biomedical research. ” The New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery (1986), Vol. 315.Sample Essay of AssignmentExpert.com