Using Drugs in Sports
Before the twentieth century began, many athletes have been using drugs in sports for performance enhancement (House of Commons). Since then, the use of drugs has become a recurring problem, and their dangerous effects on the users and on the people close to or idolize them have been observed. Society stands as a witness to these detrimental effects, including severe change in behavior which may lead to violence and crime, grave illness, and death. Therefore, the use of drugs by athletes should be discouraged.
In this fast changing world, drugs and sports now go hand in hand for athletes. The athletes go through various avenues in order to strive for perfection and excellence in the sports field. The shortest way to achieve high performance and enhanced body is by taking drugs. Most athletes want to get a stronger, bigger or faster body in the shortest possible time. Engaging in sports have assortment of difficulties, but to attain excellence is important for athletes who risk themselves and cling on to over-the-counter medicines.
This is the goal of excellence for them as they battle in the field of sports. Using drugs in sports can be considered one booster to them in achieving excellence in this field, yet the dangers for their lives are really high because of over the counter products. Between Ancient Greece and Rome, sporting events were inactive. In Great Britain, urbanization made sports as means of mass engagements. Commercialism and professionalism are the main keys why sports have become popular and totally accepted by people.
Pressure is always there on athletes to give out their best in order to succeed. This pressure made athletes more eager to be physically enhanced and made it to the sports field. Therefore, relying on substances like drugs is their means of getting the necessary strength and body capability to win every game. Drugs in sports is said to be effective yet dangerous. Even in the Olympics, using drugs is said to be very helpful. Performance drugs were used as early as the third Olympiad games. One of the athletes who used drugs during a competition is Thomas Hicks.
He made it to the marathon championship because he injected strychnine drug during the middle of the race (House of Commons). However, being dependent on performance enhancing drugs does not guarantee an athlete to always succeed, as it leads to more health risk and hazards than enhancements (House of Commons). These stimulating substances were sooner banned by sporting organizations since they place the athletes at high risk of developing long-term health problems (House of Commons). On January 1, 2004 The World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) was established (House of Commons).
Together with World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), it is best described as “a truly global partnership between national governments and the sporting movement. Drug misuse in sport is an international problem and, as such, WADA is uniquely placed to co-ordinate and provide a lead in the international fight against drugs in sport. ” The said code aims to “harmonise the principles behind testing processes, hearings, sanctions and list of prohibited substances and methods across all sports and countries” (House of Commons).
However effective it may seem, using drugs in sports is a form of cheating. Even though majority of the public agrees to this, the use of drugs by athletes and sportsmen is not totally diminished. Most athletes who are successful in any field of sports are using banned substances which are illegal, prohibited, and highly dangerous drugs. One good example of drugs commonly used by sportsmen is steroids. Steroids can be taken as pills or injected by individuals who wish to gain muscle growth and at the same time increase lean body mass.
It has many approved medical uses but some people tend to abuse this drug in order to improve their physical attributes and enhance their strength and endurance. The illegal use of these drugs cause many health hazards (The National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA]). Steroids is said to possess positive effects in the recovery of patients since it brings out faster recovery because of cortisol being produced to help the body handle stress. For illnesses such as osteoporosis, arthritis, some types of cancers, and blood disorders, steroids are also used to regulate the production of red blood cells and by increasing bone density (Swain).
It also helps the body recover from injuries (Swain). Reducing body fats is also one good effect of steroids at they help shed body and increase metabolism (Swain). Steroids also enhance muscle size by means of increasing the amount of nitrogen in the body and allow more production of protein that paves the way for producing more muscles. “Muscles will start to grow even if [one does not] exercise them. They will grow even bigger if [one would] train regularly” (Swain). Taking higher dosage of steroids alone cannot provide muscle growth.
In order to enhance muscle growth, steroids should be taken along with rigorous physical training. A person who wants to have bigger muscles must also be placed under a high-protein diet exercise program before and during anabolic steroid administration (The Anabolic Mall). Improvement in terms of athleticism may be granted since steroid can make an athlete look better, bigger and stronger. However, experts claim that “manic-like symptoms” and other intense shifts in mood which may result in violence can also manifest among steroid users leading to violence.
Depression is also often seen when the drugs’ effects stop. This phenomenon may consequently result in dependence on anabolic steroids. There are also studies the findings of which report that “users may suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility” (Pope & Katz 488). Many experts argue that the use of steroids by athletes and sports buff result in more harmful effects than health benefits. Using drugs in sports can affect not only the body both also the mental health of athletes.
In addition, sports fanatics consider steroids usage as a form of cheating. The use of steroids by sports players is considered as one way of cheating since other athletes are working out to achieve strength and good body figures. In a poll conducted by USA today and CNN, it was discovered that 78 percent of big leaguers “believe [that] steroids contribute to the recent glut of offensive records” (Manning). Any game partaken by athletes who use and mix drugs in sports result in an unfair competition.
Doubt lies in the mind of viewers since players display abilities that are not dependent on the environment. This gave them the notion that the use of drugs for any reason is not right and leads to public outrage about policies that encompass the ban of using drugs in sports. The dangerous effects of drugs on sports viewers and fans lie in their predisposition to imitate their favorite athletes in using drugs like steroids, placing the former at great risk in terms of health conditions.
Aside from imitating athletes who use steroids and other drugs, when fans learn that their sports idol uses drugs, they lose interest in him or her because his or her strength and ability is no longer natural. It may also tend to result in viewers seeing the athlete’s body not as naturally but only chemically built. Athletic games may become unappealing to watch since people become confused as to whether they are watching real people or only drug-enhanced creatures. A huge drug problem is really present among professional athletes in the field of sports today.
Despite all the tragic physical effects drugs have both on the mind and body, athletes continue to use it. The big question in the issue of drugs in sports is why athletes are continuously use drugs if they know what the harms are. In today’s field of sports, many athletes are no longer conscious of what they are getting themselves into. Many of them keep on looking and even imitating at what everyone else is doing. Most athletes shift into using drugs to be able to play better in any kind of sports.
They are not cautious enough of the side effects and longer term effects of using drugs that are down the road. However, not all athletes are using drugs because they wanted to for themselves. That is because many athletes are not properly trained to go and play fairly in the field. Some of them are just pressured into situations to use drugs by their coaches and co-athletes. It has become one great trend in sports—a bad trend that mixes both sports and drug addiction. Coaches have admitted that athletes must use doping to succeed at highly competitive levels of sport (Jeansonne).
Reality bites, and it is not fair. If one athlete is using drugs and then others are not, there is no way of getting a fair chance. Engaging oneself in sports is already dangerous. Why add more by using drugs that may damage your body and mind. The effects of body enhancing drugs are just short term. Why would one focus on enhancement and not on risks? Athletes should decide for themselves as to use or not to use drugs in sports. Drug usage should not be allowed and should not be encouraged in the field of sports.
There is one boundary when it comes to drugs in sports safety. Health and fitness is more important since it assures an athlete of the possibility to become a champion. However, most athletes go against drug testing. They do not want such tests because they are guilty of using enhancement substances. Nevertheless, these drugs are now harder to detect because of technology advancements. There are many undetectable drugs in the market. Cleaning out drugs in sports is hard because of this hard to detect drugs. Still, as the saying goes, prevention is better than cure.Drugs may increase the potential of winning a game but it can also be faster than a bullet in taking an athlete’s life.
“Articles that address Anabolic Steroids Abuse. ” 2008. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). 11 April 2008 from <www. drugabuse. gov/PDF/NNCollections/NNSteroids. pdf> “Do Steroids cause muscle and body growth? ” 2005. The Anabolic Mall. 11 April 2008 from <http://www. anabolicsmall. com/roidb11b. htm>. House of Commons Select Committee on Culture, Media and Sport. 15 July 2004. Seventh Report of Session 2003-2004.
UK Parliament, HC 499-1. 12 April, 2008 <http://www. publications. parliament. uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmcumeds/499/499. pdf> Jeansonne, J. “Ben’s Doctor Is Next; Chemist Vows to Tell the Truth,” Newsday. 23 May 1989. 11 April 2008 <http://www. thedoctorwillseeyounow. com/articles/bioethics/perfdrugs_10/#back5 >. Manning, Anita. “Kids, steroids don’t mix. ” USA Today. 9 July 2002. 11 April 2008 <http://www. usatoday. com/sports/baseball/stories/2002-07-09-cover-steroids-kids. htm> Pope, H. G. , & D. L Katz. “Affective and Psychotic symptoms associated with anabolic steroidSample Essay of EduBirdie.com