Was Civilization Inevitable And Beneficial
As argued by Brown, 1985 civilization was inevitable and beneficial to human existence. Civilization turned away from individual to development of several cultures in the world and eventually it pointed towards universal world which even today seems to be moving more and more. Civilization was inevitable through agriculture and settlement in cities. In country like Egypt civilization was inevitable and beneficial through development of new technology which helped people a lot.
Every human being participated in customs, values, beliefs, material behaviors and human behaviors constituting people’s way of life. Civilization had a low level of complexity with urban cultures being assumed as being superior to others. During the era of Roman Republic there was a great expansion of Roman power and civilization which was inevitable and beneficial. There was civilization of language and religion which benefited people a lot (Brown, 1985, p.
20). Civilization was inevitable and beneficial because being a form of human cultures in which many lived in urban cities; there was development of writing methods and smelting of metals. In Roman Empire and Hellenistic Synthesis there was demolition and absorption of Hellenistic Empire which had a classical and Germanic civilization. This Empire and Hellenistic synthesis led to ideal Hellenistic culture contributing t o western civilization of the Roman Empire.
Civilization occurred as a result of egoism and people give up some aspects on their ego interests to join with other people in creating social institutions and addressing dangers of external world in which they have to curve for survival and danger from weak bodies which allows people get sick and eventually die (Brown, 1985, p. 27). Brown, 1985 carried the work of Freud in logical conclusion with an aim of coming up with a general psychoanalytic theory of culture and history. According to Brown, there was repression of sexual desires.
Where there is society there is repression and he traced development of civilization which differentiated man from animal. Personal neuroses develop in response to society in which individuals have to adopt. Civilization is to some extent incompatible with people’s needs. In Judeo-Christian which spread as a result of Empire was like a beacon lit upon the hill as a result of civilization. It led to application of information and analysis which supported Judeo-Christian heritage. Civilization has been criticized from different aspects on various reasons.
Some criticisms are based on all aspects of civilization while others are argued on mixture of good and bad effects. Civilization has been criticized on environmental exploitation. Brown was not too harsh on his criticism that civilization sometimes dominates culture. Civilization has been opposed for restricting human potential oppressing the weak and destroying environment. Brown argues that primitivism is better than civilization (Brown, 1985, p. 27).
List of References
Brown, N. (1985), Life against death: psychoanalytic meaning of history, New York: W. W. Norton & Co. Inc.Sample Essay of Eduzaurus.com