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Ecology, racism, religious problems

What topics do modern philosophers envisage today? What’s their message to society in terms of ecology, racism, religious problems? Under present circumstance philosophers’ task isn’t to provide the answers but to show our mistake in problem’s solution finding, because there are the cases, when a visible solution can be a part of the problem we are trying to solve. Mystification of solution’s way is also a problem, thus there are not only wrong answers, but also the wrong questions. Applying this method for analysis of simple standards means a high probability of mixed answers as a result.

It is not a predication of philosophy dismissal in terms of actual racial, cultural and ethnic issues experiencing by society nowadays. Perhaps, modern philosophy communicates the existing issues too frequently and too directly to analyze the initial form of the problems. View on racism problem from philosophical point of view and Socratic Method “I know only the thing that I don’t know anything” – the famous Socrates’ motto. It is driven by the idea envisaging the ability to cognize something as the ability to restore already lost knowledge.

The long travelling thru the labyrinth of human sole is one of the Socrates dialogue’s basics. In this travelling Socrates doesn’t want us to lose our way but to find a right one, which will be certainly not easier. Being children people learn walking. They are assisted by their parents, who carefully hold the small hands and support their kids at every step they make – it is a Socratic method considering learning thru self recognition, step by step opening new things without fear to see something wrong.

In the case if fault happens it is important to accept it with humor and understanding. This way like an old coin has two sides – one is learning and the second is experience. Experience is a value giving the true knowledge of life, which differs from theoretical opinion about it. The stereotyped attitudes towards people from another countries have existed long time ago and these stereotypes have become a part of present people experience today. They ruin trustworthy, understanding relationships between people and social groups, in many cases they lead to aggression and fight.

Socratic approach to human conduct in terms of racial principles is grounded on the control of reason for every action thus the natural science is dominating along with truths accessible for human understanding. Socratic views on racial issue is quite clear because his applying to rational practice as a standard for various social activities, their changes and arbitration in some cases. Rationalism has two sides in racial question – some social practices are good looking and others – not. The general argument with slavery approves an idea of theoretical co-existence of the both attitudes to racism issue – regretting and defending.

However, due to some sources, the number of slaves in Socrates’ Athens proportionally to entire population number was bigger than the number of slaves in America before Civil War, Socrates has started to condemn the slavery, at the same time Aristotle has defended it enthusiastically (Smedley, &Smedley, 2005). Racism and Ethic In accordance with norms approved by United Nations conventions there is no difference between the term “racial discrimination” and the term “ethnic discrimination”. There are some initial distinctions between terminology enlightening race and ethnicity.

Race usually has biological origin related to Caucasoid, Negroid, Mongoloid and Australoid races. On the other hand ethnicity is related and belonging to particular social and cultural groups. It is a feature of self identification in accordance with group the person is belonged to. However race has a biological origin, there are the cases, when racial categories gain deep social significance. Across United States racial categories can be varied by belonging to multiple racial associations, such as African- American or Native American, etc.

It is a big part of American historical heritage (Feagin, 2000). Individually, racism can affect the person because his racial or ethnical roots, building many barriers as on human personal way as in his social life. The negative moral impact of racism is concluded in the bad intentions and even more awful circumstances. World history is reach with conflict cases grounded on race conflicts and ethnic issues. Famous work of Daniel Richter “Pontiac’s Rebellion” reflects the events based on ethnic conflict between “Indians” and “white” (Feagin, 2000).

Those times are famous for outrageous fights. The goal was in gaining the superiority by getting bigger territories, more material goods of human slaves even. However, the real reasons of these conflicts were not related to any moral or ethnic constraints, the main idea was always presented as an ethnicity issue. In 1900s and the centuries before the essential understanding of ethnicity was concluded in human ability to inherit certain traits and tendencies, creating differences between people. Scholars claimed that different populations varied by the shape of skull.

Scholars’ conclusion helped to differ and classify people’s characteristics in accordance with their cultural and racial background. Pr. Weber’s invention of ethnicity as a particular social construct has delivered a new understanding of relationship between race and ethnicity dividing them from each other (Wohlgemuth, 2007). However, religious, national, linguistic and cultural groups do not coincide in terms of race; one of the most popular mistakes is frequently made by public speakers in naming the things. They speak about human races, when it is obviously better to substitute the term “race” with the term “ethical group”.

Racism in United States can be classified as a binary event without making a reference to skin color or minority group. There are people with mixed roots and origins; they are automatically referred to minority group of color. Those, who belong to ethical minority groups, are often estimated as “betrayers” by majority, cultivating the attitude remarked with ethnic exception’s emblem. Modern racism is influenced by biological absolutism, the updated version of Civil Rights movement. It stresses on the fact that racial hatred is a history and contemporary human society is above all racial conflicts (Wohlgemuth, 2007).

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