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Identification of Historical Icons and Places and its Significance

The Sargon name literally means great and legitimate. Thus, Sargon was also called the Great King of Akkadian Empire, which was existed during the 24th to 23rd centuries B. C. and was known to be the founder of the Akkadian Dynasty Empire. His reign of almost six decades has spread widely as he conquered the area of Mediterranean Sea, Elam City, Mesopotamia, Iran, Syria, the peninsula of Arabia and in Anatolia.

He became one of the important figures in the world history because he was believably the only ruler that Nimrod has been inspired of, and aside from his heroic conquest, Sargon could also be the only king who ruled with his one big empire over a collective environment of multiethnic culture. 2. Hammurabi In the year 1792 B. C. , Hammurabi became the king of the city state of Babylon, the 6th King to be exact, as he was the only one to inherit the throne of his father King Sin-muballit.

However, when Mesopotamia has taken over control of the Babylon soldiers headed by him, he was then enthroned again as the First Dynasty King of the Babylon Empire of Mesopotamia. Hammurabi is a very notable and significant figure in our world history because he was the very first one that created a set of laws in the recorded history. He promulgated a code of Babylonian law consisting of 282 laws that were written in 12 6-feet tall stone tablets. The said law was now identified as the Code of Hammurabi when it first came to the knowledge of its founder in 1901.

3. Hittites One of the ancient people of Anatolian who existed in the age of middle chronology were the Hittites. Their civilization and people remains could be traced largely in the Indo-European region laying with the most parts of Turkey which therefore gave the hint that it was not only in Mesopotamian region and North West of Syria that Hittites culture became part of and settled. The term Hittites was the literal translation of the phrase Children of Heth, while Heth was believably the son of Canaan. Hittites people are mostly served in armies of the ruler.

Their cultures re considered rich in historical context, and what make them significantly important in the world history was that modern generation, as they kept on tracking back the past generations, could see the civilization and lifestyle thousand years long before Jesus Christ was born. 4. Amon Having a deitic belief in the Ancient Egypt, Amon was claimed to be the King of the Gods as he was gradually and dramatically rose from being a local Theban God to being a patron god of the Pharaoh until he became a prominent god in the larger most part of Upper Egypt.

With the literal meaning hidden, it thus made his image created with different forms, sometimes human and sometimes in the form of animals such as serpent, frog, ape, lion, goose and the most sacred animal of all which is ram. Historically, Amon could be significant in the historical context as he was once became the most important god in his own time. 5. Akhenaten He was first known by the name Amenhotep IV, and self-named as Akhenaten because of his being a great believer of his known creator Aten.

Although he was not the original successor, Akhenaten still became the Pharaoh of Egypt’s Eighteenth Dynasty after his brother Thutmose, who was supposedly the one to be enthroned, passed away. Called by some historians as the first romantic, first scientist and monotheist in his time, and the first significant individual in history, Akhenaten played a major and important role in the world history. His significant contributions included were the so-called Amama Letters, the belief of having only one God or monotheism which the religion Judaism evolved and revolved in some countries until today.

6. Hatshepsut She was the longest reigning woman Pharaoh in the history of Ancient Egypt which ran from 1479 B. C. to 1458 B. C. Her regime could most likely be noted also as the most successful woman ruler and the most flourishing Pharaoh in Ancient Egypt history in terms of achievements promotions. Hatshepsut was the fifth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Ancient Egyptian Dynasty. Some concrete evidence of her remains showed that though she was a woman, she managed to lead a military campaign to conquer Syria, Levant and Nubia on which it all became victorious.

Her contributions in shaping the history were remarkable as it signified extravagant lifestyle and establishments, private and public, after she made the Eighteenth Dynasty wealthy and productive by gaining back the trading system. Thus, Hatshepsut made as a significant icon of world history. 7. Book of the Dead The Book of the Dead is the funerary text used during the Ancient Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs. It was consist of 189 chapters of purely hymns, rituals, spells guidelines, instructions and prayers for the dead in order for the soul of the dead to have his afterlife.

Written on the traditional papyrus with cuneiform were the Egyptian scriptures that comprised on the Book of the Dead. It has to be included in the coffin of the dead before it was brought in its tomb because they believe that it would help the dead to pass through the narrow passages and difficult obstacles before it reach the afterlife. With this valued weight made the Book of the Dead truly significant in our historical studies. 8. Harappa

It was an old local city from which the ancient Harappan civilization has situated in the present day Sindh in Pakistan to the Punjabi part of India and stretched out until the mountainous part of Himalaya. Harappa was believably existed during the third millennium B. C. Its remained would say how the Harappan culture was rich and progressive even before Pharaohs time in Egypt has emerged. It could also trace back the possibility that Indian, Pakistan and Sumerian cultures hs the connection during these times.

As the Harappan culture developed a well-built civilization in the Indus Valley, which was discovered only in 1820’s by the English archeologists, we could link the people of modern earth and the remnants of unique but great previous inhabitants. With it, Harappa made meaningful and noteworthy to us that we should be thankful for. 9. Indo-European Indo-European may also be referred to the term Aryan, which means Indo-European speakers that believably inhabited in the most parts of Europe, Southwestern part of Asia particularly in the Iran and Syria, Central part of Asia and in the southern most part of Asia like Pakistan and India.

The Indo-European language that has known by the ancient Indo-European people was consisted of hundreds or perhaps less than a thousand variety of local dialects and widely-spoken languages. Although it was only in 1813 when the term Indo-European has emerged, the impact of Indo-European language has transcend knowing that major languages commonly known until today such as Latin, Sanskrit, Greek, Persian, Dutch, Celtic, Baltic, and German, as has emerged from it.

10. Cyrus the Great Cyrus the Great was also known as Cyrus II and Cyrus the Elder. He was existed in the 600 B. C. to 529 B. C. approximately. His reign was during the regime of the Achaemenid Dynasty and founded the Persian Empire from which it was widely spread as he conquered after the long battle of his army from Egypt to Indus River and even beyond the Southwest and Central Asia.

Cyrus the Great became one of the greatest emperor in history as he leave a permanent mark to the world such as human rights, clean politics, tactics and military strategies, monotheistic Jewish religion and a progressive and rich culture and civilization along his conquered places in the regions of Eastern and Western of Persia. 11. David Biblically, David, whose roots came from Bethlehem, was known as the Great King existed in Israel. He reigned right after the first king of Israel King Saul has dethroned.

He married King Saul’s daughter Mical. He has existed during the 1037 B. C. until 970 B. C. and ruled from 1007 until 970 B. C. King David was also viewed as the great warrior in his time and a humane and virtuous ruler to Israel as well as an influential poet and musician. His significance in the world history could be seen everywhere as Jewish and Christian culture and religion, two of the widely spread religion existed, honored King David because the messiah has came from his descendant.

It was also noted that even in Islam teachings, historians and other religions considered the greatness and righteousness of King David. 12. Shang Shang Dynasty was believably the first scientifically recorded dynasty that existed in China, specifically along the Yellow River Valley, which was located on the Northwestern most part of the present day China proper, because the supposedly first dynasty called the Xia Dynasty that they have known was in fact mystical or mythical and has no scientific basis that it was really exist.

The Shang Dynasty was also known as the Yin Dynasty. It has 31 sovereigns that have reigned successively from 1766 B. C. up to 1122 B. C. as for its original record. The remains of Shang Dynasty, which are mostly made by jade, copper and iron, lead us to the discovery that during this time, the Chinese ancestors were already civilized, artistic and at the same time scientific. Thus, Shang Dynasty could be the most significant Chinese icon in terms of historical studies. 13. Mandate of Heaven

The Mandate of Heaven was a kind of belief that the people of China has accepted as their rulers and political regents honored and used it for overthrowing the enthroned ones once they abuse or misuse their political powers and rulings. Shang Dynasty was the first one that has victimized by it when its successor Zhou Dynasty used the Mandate of Heaven philosophical concept against them. It therefore gave the straightforward that Zhou Dynasty was also the original author of it.

Because of the legitimacy that the said belief has set by the Chinese people, the Mandate of Heaven became the prime concept to support and allow the rule of the kings during dynasty periods as well as by the Emperors of China in the later period. Hence, the Mandate of Heaven played a vital role in shaping the history of China. R E F E R E N C E Tignor, Robert, and Jeremy Adelman, et al. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the Modern World from the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present, Second edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 2008.

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