Political regime type between China and the United States
Most important roles in improving the trade and business between countries are played by the foreign policies that are based on regime types. The following paper will highlight important business based stances that china and United States have for each other defined by their foreign policies. Introduction Zhao, (2006) has argued that in the political scenario, political regimes of a country are designed to protect the interests of a country but in some cases these protections are a hurdle to the business activities of countries causing many conflicts.
This scenario can be applied in the case of two most important countries, China and United States. Political changes define routine political activities in these two countries directly affecting daily routine business activities and the investment plans in each other’s countries. Peerenboom, (2007) has argued that conflict of interest between the two countries is mainly created by ideologies followed in the countries on different levels as these ideologies are mostly based on the social issues, historical and cultural background of the two countries.
Thereby political regimes can favour the kind of industries that are making an entrance or these regimes will cause conflicts and will hinder the entrance of newer industries from other countries. Political Regime and Regime Type in China China in the modern world is the most stable in sociological, political and economic terms. Thereby it has been argued by Guo, (20060 that the kinds of political regimes that it has with the kind of political changes involved, Chinese economy will flourish because of its democracy.
China is one of the countries that emerged from shocks of conclusion of communism in the West and amalgamation of the states in Soviet Union. China is now surrounded by more than one democratic nation that includes Japan, south Asian region countries, South Korea, Taiwan and Mongolia. Peerenboom, (2007) argues that after communism was dissolved in Cold War and in Russia, poverty was rising; there was an increase in unemployment with pensioners being wiped out.
But these days Russian economy is blooming with Russian media being free as compared to Chinese counterparts, foreign exchange reserves are increasing at massive rates that have contributed well enough to the economic growth. These changes are based on regimes and regime types that caused major differences after the Cold War. These arguments also hold for China as well. An important fact that needs to be added here is that government of Beijing is communist.
Nevertheless as Saraiva, (2003) argues is that Beijing is a part of the Chinese regime and the national political interests that the Chinese have are the ones that any democratic country can have. Regime types are involved in making major differences in domestic and foreign policies. Based on Chinese democracy the Chinese constitution allows for elections and redesigning the judicial systems and enhancing foreign investment by designing policies.
Modern day Chinese economy is more based on the party members who have acquired foreign citizenship, coming back to China inviting more foreign investments thereby multiplying Chinese economy. It is a well-known fact that the most productive sector of Chinese economy is that of the foreign investments. Rolland, (2004) has argued that economic policies of China favour certain geographical locations over the others as they are realized to be the potential magnets of foreign investments.
Coastal cities are preferred over the countryside; state owned enterprises and communist officials holding more than 80% of private business in china, foreign investors and foreign residents are preferred over ordinary Chinese. Along with this the policies argue that there is a need of advanced technology in different economic sectors as compared to working on the agricultural sector. An important future consideration for the Chinese authorities is to build proper business relations with the Americans as these relationships will surely fuel the Chinese economy.
It is a well-known fact that other than the massive exports, one of the main buyers of Chinese products has been United States. It has been argued by Siaroff, (2008) that American market will be lost by China if China is observed to be involved in any hostilities against the Asian region causing a fall in Chinese assets in United States. This fact is not being realized by the Chinese and along with keeping a distance from United States; allies are being formed with the countries as Germany, Serbia, France and Russia.
China is the only country that has been observed to be making configurations in its military to attack United States. Thereby on the end of United States, there is a need to add in more money in order to counter the military threats from the Chinese and all these are explained fruitfully by the political regime and regime type. Political Regime and Regime Type in United States It has been mentioned by Adam, and Michael, (2007) that in 1972, the foreign policy of US towards many countries including China was reversed by President Nixon.
These changes define political changes on a large scale and it has been seen that better strategies are being designed to make better economic changes. One of the main ideologies held by United States over China is that China is a unified and a uniform country controlled by the policies designed by Beijing. Thereby all foreign policies that are designed by US are based on Beijing rather than China itself and the relationships are judged and based on the policies that are designed with a single link, Beijing.
Thereby very little attention is paid by United States on China that lies outside Beijing. Moreover it has been mentioned by Manza, (2000) that any potential linkages that have generated because of people holding citizenship to China are not included in the foreign policy of United States. Rolland, (2004) argues that US consulate in Hong Kong has been busy in collecting information about intelligence in China in relation to business matters whereas there is no interest being shown in Hong Kong. Thereby it is realized by United States that China is one of the most potential markets.
An important strategy of China that was used by the American political regime was the self-presentation of China as a strong economic nation. Differences in Political Regime and Regime Type between China and US United States does not possess the foreign policy that is equally supported by both the democrats and republicans. China on the other hand has the kind of foreign policy that meets the national and political interests of the nation and the political scenario. It has been argued by Siaroff, (2008) that democracy in China is more belligerent on doing business with countries other than United States.
There are great differences between the ways these two countries take each other as business partners. It has been mentioned by Manza, (2000) that the Chinese political regime cycle does not take a friendly stance towards the American markets and economic growth of China will be in threat unless it starts to see otherwise. Thereby United States being the better market has much more potential to do business with as rationale business based stances are adopted by United States towards other countries for doing better business. Conclusion
Political ideologies are defined by the old policies being replaced by the new ones on the face of changes that are required for a better future. Here Chinese and United States’ foreign policy has been taken into consideration in light of the political and economic trade relations that the countries have. It has been seen that foreign policy of china as more dependent on the regime types does not take advantage of the positive business stance that united states has for china or Beijing. On the other hand, increased importance is being given to Beijing for increased economic relations.
References Adam, Q. , and Michael, C. (2007). For Better, for Worse: How America’s Foreign Policy became Wedded to Liberal Universalism. Global Society 21, 499 — 519. Guo, S. (2006). China’s “peaceful rise” in the 21st century: domestic and international conditions. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Manza, J. (2000). Political Sociological Models of the U. S. New Deal. Annual Review of Sociology 26, pp. 297-322. Peerenboom, P. R. (2007). China modernizes: threat to the West or model for the rest? Oxford University Press.
Rolland ,D. (2004). Political regime and foreign relations: a historical perspective; Collection “Inter-national”. L’Harmattan. Saraiva, S. F. J. (2003). Foreign policy and political regime. IBRI. Siaroff, A. (2008). Comparing political regimes: a thematic introduction to comparative politics; G – Reference, Information and Interdisciplinary Subjects Series. Edition 2. University of Toronto Press. Zhao, S. (2006). Debating political reform in China: rule of law vs. democratization; East gate book. M. E. Sharpe.Sample Essay of Custom-Writing