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The US government had made great strides in the understanding and prediction of crimes and propensity for violence. The decades 80s and 90s were turbulent with seemingly unpreventable rise of criminality and/or violence among the youth specifically, and the prevailing mood was apathy concerning possible solutions to the problem. Many grabbed whatever means and methods that might help, oftentimes without a studied focus on the efficacy, ramifications or possible consequences of actions and complications.

It was very fortunate that the succeeding years, researches produced a systematic manner of intervention and reduction programs and had, to a large extent, had proven effective (Satcher, 2007). It is in this context that Rhode Island’s Violence Prevention Network (RIVPN) is thus introduced. According to reports, only a few of the hundreds of violence reduction programs have gone through evaluative procedures to determine their effectiveness. Rhode Island’s network had shown its performance well according to the components that are indicators of good to excellent factors for an effective program.

What are these factors or components and what are strategies that are deemed ineffective? The following are important and essential components that any program should possess: 1. The method must start to address any solution and problem orientation at the early developmental stage period. 2. It must use a multiple model for the resolution of the problems or issue which ranges from the promotion of proper values, understanding and promotion of personal or individual accountability concerning any violent behavior, and the provision of interventions and treatments in the modification of “antisocial behavior.

” 3. Diversity is a fact of life; hence there must be a variation of approaches in the treatment of the issues. 4. Look at the person’s risk factors as well as that of the social context where he belongs as important ingredients in the prevention program. 5. There are undoubtedly decisions to be made, policies to be in place where the issues are concerned; effective programs address them utilizing empirical or evidence based strategies. 6. There must be a complementary approach in handling the interventions in tandem with the family unit and that of the society at large.

Finally, the single important determining theme that reduces the incidence concerns the parental capacity to nurture their children. Educating and demonstrating these to parents will greatly influence their succeeding generations. “Effective Components” -Source: Rhode Island Violence Prevention Network In contrast, ineffective programs employ scare management, increase alienation of aggressive or anti-social youth, programs that are too short and lack sustainability, lack support from any of the private and public leadership enhances only the aspect of a person’s self-esteem and confined to an instructive slant only.

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