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Annotated Bibliography

Ammerman, Robert, Ott, Peggy, and Ralph E. Tarter. Prevention and Societal Impact of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Mahwah, NJ: Larence Erbaum Associates, 1999. The book is a lengthy discussion of the ill effects of alcohol and drug abuse. The author also discusses critical issues concerning substance abuse and dependence. The authors provided a chapter each for the historical overview on alcohol and drug abuse. Although alcohol and drugs can cause negative effects to the health if abuse, the authors still provide some health effects of the most abused substance.

Various intervention programs offered by the institutions are also discussed on the book. Drink and drugs are often expensive, so uncontrolled use can lead to financial problems and also cause long- term health risks. Ammerman, Ott and Tarter argue that prevention is the best and most cost-effective solution on the problem of drug and alcohol abuse. Bucky, Sydney. `Signs and Symptoms. ` The Impact of Alcoholism, 10 (1978) Although published in 1978, this book written by Bucky is still a good resource on the topic of alcoholism. The author scholastically discusses the four graduated stages of alcoholism.

They are the: pre-alcoholic stage, prodromal stage, crucial stage, and the chronic stage. The author is the first to discuss such stages in alcoholism, which helped treat the illness effectively after the publication of the book. The author also gives eleven points on how to asses alcohol problems. Proper assessment of the victim-patient is very crucial on the treatment of this illness. A good background on various stages of alcoholism will help on what kind of treatment program will be applicable and effective for the victim. Crowley, Thomas, and Michael Stallings. “The Family Transmission of Adolescent

Alcohol Abuse and Dependence. ” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 67 (2006): 657+ The paper further studies various researches done on alcohol abuse and patients’ family background. The author recognizes studies that alcohol abuse usually starts between the age of 12-18 and the earlier they are introduced to alcohol the most likely the problem will worsens. The researchers show pieces of evidences that alcoholism can be transferred through the family. Parents who abuse alcohol will most likely pass their psychological illness, genetically or as an environmental risk factor, to their offspring.

The author also looks into the possibilities of transmission of alcohol abuse among siblings in the family. The paper concluded that it is most likely that alcohol abuse will be transferred from parents to children but less likely horizontally between siblings. Guo, Jie, et al. (2000). “Developmental Pathways to Alcohol Abuse and Dependence in Young Adulthood. ” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61 (2000): 799 This journal article tries to trace back the psychological and sociological reason why young adult most likely abuse alcohol. Various reasons where discovered such through out the 11 year period of the study.

Using previous researches on alcohol on various stages and phases of dependence, the researcher shows the link on how young adult that abuse or is dependent on alcohol, changes from one phase into another. The researchers also show the different developmental patterns towards alcohol abuse and dependence. The study also shows that patterns of alcohol drinking usually start in middle school and are usually influenced at home and at school. John Hopkins University Hospital. “Are You an Alcoholic? ” New York State Bar Journal 56 (1984): 18

This article is a compilation of twenty questions and analysis of answers by respondents to determine the extent of their drinking problem. This compilation is used by clinical psychologists to determine the phase or stage of alcoholism a person has. It is very important to know the stage of the disorder to be able to determine the proper treatment for it. Moreover, the compilation is now used on various treatment centres and universities on handling cases of alcohol abuse. The questions are formed by psychologists and physicians of Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.

In the past five years, there has been tremendous growth in the research enterprise at Hopkin. There are various departments which includes cell biology, Centre for Global Health, Dermatology, emergency medicine, Heart and Vascular Institute, Pathology Department and many more. Knight, John, et al. “Alcohol Abuse and Dependence among U. S. College Students. ” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 63 (2002): 263+ This journal article is a systematic research on the topic of alcohol abuse among American college students. The study shows that there is a prevalent problem on alcohol disorders among college students in the country.

The study also looks into possible psychological, sociological and economical issues on why students got into binge drinking. The rate of alcohol abuse among college students reached an alarming state because it is one of the reasons why these students get into other violent activities and substance abuse. This paper was made for Centre for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research and calls on the attention of teachers, parents and state authorities to take actions especially reforms in the educational programs to address the issue. The basic objective is to estimate prevalence of alcohol abuse for students.

Milton, Anthony, and Vincent Manohar. “Relative Effectiveness of Non-alcoholic sand Recovered Alcoholics as Counsellors. ” Journal of Studies on Alcohol 39 (1998): 793-799 Is there any difference when an alcoholic is counselled by those with alcohol problems before and those who do not have any history of the problem? The research shows the results of counselling sessions by people with drinking problems by two groups of counsellors. One group consisted of former alcoholics and the other group did not have any alcoholic problems in the past.

The results show that people with alcoholic problems before are most likely to be effective counsellors than those with no history on the problem. The American Psychiatric Association ranks alcohol abuse into three categories 1) individuals who consume alcohol regularly in large amounts 2) those who consume alcohol on weekend and 3) drinkers who endure long moderatiobn before going on a binge of alcohol consumption. Rivers, Clayton, and Elsie Shore. Substance Abuse on Campus: A Handbook for College and University Personnel.

Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997 The book is a good resource for counsellors, school heads and teachers on how to handle drug abuse, including alcohol, in the campus. It discusses the physical and psychological effects of substance abuse and how to prevent such abuse among the students. It also aims to trains the readers on how to handle sensitive counselling sessions among substance abuser and dependents. It discusses that cases of alcohol abuse on campuses should be treated differently from those cases which involves adult and in the community.

Recognizing that the school is one of the places that substance abuse starts among students, the authors also discuss various methodologies to educate and inform the students about substance abuse and negative effects to the health and the community. Sidney, Charles. The Alcoholism Problems: Selected Issues. New York: Haworth Press, 1983 The author provides a lengthy discussion on various problems that will arise on alcohol abuse. The author recognizes numerous negative effects of alcohol abuse on different aspects.

But Sidney particularly gives focus on the societal impact and the ill effects on the health of alcoholism. He also gives situations that are not directly a result of alcohol abuse, but most likely be an effect if someone will overlook this problem. Various treatment programs by schools, state and private institutions are also enumerated by the author. But most importantly, Sidney believes that prevention is the best way to treat this societal problem. Drinking too much causes physical damage and also increases the risk of getting diseases.

Due to which obesity, sexual problems, infertility, and various skin problems take place. It also leads to various other diseases such as high blood pressure, certain types of cancers. Widom, Cathy Spatz, and Susanne Hiller-Sturmhofel. (2001). “Alcohol Abuse as a Risk Factor and Consequence of Child Abuse. ” Alcohol Research & Health, 25 (2001): 52. This article shows the link between alcohol abuse and child abuse. A breakthrough study on the field of psychological analysis of alcoholism, the researcher shows that parents who abuse alcohol mostly like abuse their children at home.

The study also shows various reasons on why parents abuse their children, such as: their socio-economic status, marital or relationship stress and parental history of abuse. Moreover, victims of physical and verbal maltreatment during their childhood will most likely be an alcohol abuser in their young adulthood. These persons who will most likely abuse alcohol, will also most likely to physically abuse their children in the future. The researchers show very strong evidence that the cycle of violence at home usually resulted to various psychological illnesses and problems.

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