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Film Production: Steps and Producers Role

For almost 100 years filmmaking has seemed not to change very change. Film is put in a camera, exposed, edited, sound is added, and viewers are either enthralled or disappointed. However, in the 1990s, the various disciplines of film making, such as photography, editing, sound, and special visual effects all underwent significant changes. Recently, film-makers have seen an ever-widening array of formats chosen for shooting both television and cinema productions (Case 2001 16).

They have seen the rapid adoption of non-linear or electronic editing into conventional film productions, the choice of sprocket, multi-track or digital sound editing, increasing use of film-resolution digital effects, and an increasing variety of release formats. As video moved out of the studio, and video editing and effects become possible, the perspectives of video and film became major competitors.

Electronic Field Production was introduced, and the arrival of the domestic video cassette together with the decline in cinema attendances led many people to the premature claim that film industry is dead. However, film industry is still considered as part of an existing entertainment in the current society. In this study, the processes on providing appropriate films in the public and the concepts involved in the overall film production are the primary subject of discussion in the course of this paper.

Discussion Significant Personnel in Film Production The production team is primarily composed of significant key roles that play essential parts in the overall production procedures, particularly the Producers, Directors, Unit Production manager, Production Accountant, Production Supervisor, Production Coordinator, First Assistant Director, and Second Assistant Director (Honthaner 2001 1).

On a general perspective, each role is essential in the formation of film at every angle, and the integrated interactions among these individuals are the key factor in the providing appropriate film outcomes. The job personalities attributed to members of the production team will vary depending on whether the film is being made for television, cable, theatrical or Internet release; and on the project’s budget, schedule, union status and location (Honthaner 2001 1).

Initially, the producer is the one that initiates the conception of a film, which consequently gives birth to the film processing itself. The producer mainly acts as the entire overseer of the overall project who usually works with the executive producer, whom, on the other hand, brings together all the creative and financial elements in the making of a film. An Associate producer also assist the entire team by handing production and administrative operations (Miller 1998 38).

Producers require completion bonds that should guarantee the entire processing of the film, protects the welfare of the members, provide exact scope of responsibilities, and financial scope of obligation in the over-all course of film production (Honthaner 2001 95). When dealing with bank financing and/or private investor’s financing it has become absolutely necessary for the producer to obtain a completion bond. The completion bond company has the right to ask the producer to hire additional production personnel if it deems necessary to guarantee the completion and delivery of the film (Cleve 2006 174-175).

On the other hand, the director is the filmmaker who has overall responsibility for the artistic realization of the drama, technical processes involved in putting the script into the film or TV format, and ensuring that the filmed version of the stoty and the messages (a) suits the entertainment preferences of the chosen audiences and (b) adheres meticulously to the message content and sequence as approved by the design team (Fossard and Ribber 2005 34).

While the overall responsibility of the program manager, who is also the executive producer is to ensure that all logistical and financial matters to the entire process of film production are properly managed, the proposed film or TC drama matches the project’s overall behavior change objectives and nothing is compromised in clearly interpreting these objectives and translating them into a filmed drams (Fossard and Ribber 2005 35).

The Processes of Film Making Ideally, there are six phases to any film production requiring absolute understanding prior to any activities. From conception through projected finished product, the necessary phases to be followed are development, pre-production, production, post production, distribution and exhibition. Although, some members are involved on the team in more than two phases, each of the team if involved in both pre-production and production.

These phases represent the putting together and coming together of all elements necessary to shoot a film (Honthaner 2001 1). Pre-production is the period of time used to plan and prepare for the filming and completion of the film. Pre-production is the period of planning after the script is approved and before the shooting begins. The more time devoted to pre-production, the better are the chances of the film or serial drama being of good quality.

During pre-production, the program manager and the director work closely together to ensure quality, accuracy, timeliness and budget details (Fossard and Ribber 2005 34). Next, the production phase is the most capital and labor intensive, as the huge range of elements needed to make a film is brought together in a studio or on location. These elements include the creative costs (actors and actresses) and technical costs, such as studio rentals, technical labor and a variety of support system.

During this phase, the production state of a project primarily involves filming. During this phase, the team is subjected to the following procedures: creating cue lists from scripts, animation dialog, and gathering of environmental audio (Fossard and Ribber 2005 35). Reaching the post-production stage is a huge milestone for the producer, and at this point in the process, the picture is basically locked, and what remains to be assembled are the final visual and audio elements needed to create and deliver the finished product (Honthaner 2001 66).

Currently, digital technology is being applied in post-production of the film in order to enhance the graphical and audio features of the film. Editing and refinement of the film is the prime feature of this phase; hence, such stage requires a certain degree of technical understanding especially for digital effects application. Lastly, the phase for distribution and exhibition of the film wherein the copies of the film prints are produced and shipped to theatres all over the world in order to enhance the marketing gains of the film output.

At this point, the film is advertised in different setups prior to public viewing; hence, concluding the film production. Works Cited Case, Dominic. Film Technology in Post Production. Focal Press, 2001. Eve, Honthaner. The Complete Film Production Handbook. Focal Press, 2001. Fossard, Esta, and John Riber. Writing And Producing for Television And Film. SAGE, 2005. Miller, Pat P. Script Supervising and Film Continuity. Focal Press, 1998.

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