The Process of Making a Film
Making a film is not something done randomly, but rather it follows a particular, general process. There are particular people, whom play certain roles in the making of a film, and then there are actors, who portray the ideas of the directors, and put the idea of the script, or of the original screenplay into action. There is generally an order that is followed when creating a film. If the film is going to be adopted from a screenplay, the screenwriter is the most important person in the production of the film.
What the screenwriter writes in the screenplay is basically the blueprint for the movie, and even if the words on the actual movie script are not exactly the same as those on the screenplay, the basic ideas of the latter are incorporated. Sometimes movies are adopted from pieces written earlier, or novels, in which case rights are needed before production can begin. A script or screenplay may then be written following the other work’s plotline, but made for the movie.
Screenplays usually have three acts, and are between 102 and 120 pages in length. If the producers are not happy with a screenplay that was written for their film, they may let the writer rewrite the screenplay, or hire another to rewrite it. After it is decided what the movie is to be about, the producers set to work on the film. The producers themselves are responsible for funding the film, which means they are responsible for paying everyone throughout the course of the production, and financing special effects, and other things like that.
There are a number of different producers usually, who are responsible for various aspects of production, and assist the main producer in making the film, as he or she is responsible for every aspect of the film’s production. The movie director is the most important person in the actual making of the film, who is responsible for converting a screenplay into a captivating film. The director is the one who makes scenes as interesting as possible, and tells the actors and actresses how best to act. The director works with the actors and actresses often, and appropriates the funds of the producer.
The director’s job is to economically use the producer’s funds to make the best film possible (and often there are conflicts over money, as the director needs more than the producer is allotting for the film). Meanwhile, other figures act to make sure everything goes smoothly. The producers have people working for them (like the unit production manager) who make sure that everything is going well, and that the business on set is not problematic. The production supervisors and coordinators deal with legal issues affecting the screenplay’s turning into a film, such as copyright issues and licenses.
This can be an important part of production, as rights to the film or the screenplay or book the movie was based on can sometimes be controversial. The production office coordinator deals with monetary issues, and works with the producer and director to best utilize the available funds. The accountant is basically an accountant for the production of the film from beginning to end, and his or her job is to follow the spending and make sure it is suitable for the director. There are a number of sub-directors involved in the filming process itself, who have particular jobs to fill.
Some of them set the shooting schedule, which will be followed when actual shooting begins. Others find the best actors and actresses and work with them to make sure they understand the components of the film. Other assistant directors write up reports on the day’s business each day, to show the director or producer how useful the shooting was for that day. The casting director finds actors that fit the cost of the producer’s allotted money for each role, and negotiates with the actors and actresses.
Once the cast is hired, the location manager talks to accommodating businesses, such as restaurants and hotels in the area where shooting is to occur, as the location scout finds the exact shooting locations. There are many people who make sure that all of this is happening according to the budget. After all of this, preparation for actual shooting is made. The screenplay is broken down into segments, which represents what the production and crew hope to accomplish on each day.
This also must be done according to budget, so some days might be strenuous for everyone, as the production does not want to spend more time (which means more money) on the making of the film. Usually, four pages of screenplay are completed per day of shooting. They also have to take into account that certain scenes require certain times of day, and weather conditions, which may effect the production schedule. Time must also be allotted for traveling, and acquiring props, and extras, if necessary. They make a “best possible schedule,” which incorporates and reviews all of these factors concerning production and time.
Fundraising may be done, which is often by having people who think it will be a success invest in the film. After all of that is figured out, shooting begins, and the production tries to make everything go as smoothly as possible. The production of a film is an extensive, careful and tedious process that utilizes the skills of many people. Bu if it is done correctly, the final result will be worth the toils of the production. Works Cited Turner, Graeme. Film as Social Practice. 2nd ed. London and New York: Routledge, 1993.Sample Essay of Edusson.com