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World Art and Design

Why does the date for the transition from the Paleolithic to Neolithic vary? Answer: The date for the transition from the Paleolithic to Neolithic varies because the latter is the development of the former. In other words, an initial foundation of nomadic culture has taken place prior to the time when people began to use stone tools, and started to settle in permanent encampments. 2. Why was the cave of Lascaux closed to the public? Answer: The cave of Lascaux has been closed to the public in 1963 to preserve the art. 3. Why is the Lion-Human sculpture remarkable for the Paleolithic period?

Answer: The Lion-Human sculpture, also known as lion headed figurine, played an important role in the Paleolithic period because nobody was able to interpret its existence. In other words, it served a mystery during this period. 4. How do some of the animals in Lascaux show twisted perspective? Answer: Some of the animals in Lascaux show twisted perspective or a composite view because viewers see the heads in profile but the horns from the front. Thus, the painter’s approach is not strictly or consistently optical rather the approach is descriptive of the fact that the cattle have two horns.

What constituted the distinction between the lower, middle, and upper Paleolithic phases? Answer: Lower Paleolithic phase is the earliest subdivision of the Old Stone Age in which the hominids used stone tools. Middle Paleolithic phase is the second subdivision of Paleolithic or Old Stone Age in which the hominids began to control their surroundings and developed more sophisticated tool making techniques. Upper Paleolithic phase is the third and last subdivision of the Old Stone Age and is called the Reindeer Age; whereas this phase is referred to the period in Europe or the modern humans called ‘Homo sapiens.

What were some of the marvels of the city of Babylon? Answer: The tower, referred to by the Babylonians as ‘Etemenanki,’ or the Hanging Gardens is one of the marvels of the city, its huge city wall and the gigantic stone obelisk of Queen Semiramis. 7. What types of Persian art show their high level of technical and artistic sophistication? Answer: Many coins of Greco-Bactrian kings and innovative anthropomorphic Buddha image (Greco-Buddhist Art) have reached a very high level of technical, artistic and/or sculptural sophistication.

What are some of the firsts developed by the Sumerians? Answer: Sumerians have developed the first pictographic writing system, which has been called ‘cuneiform’ after a few hundred years. How is Gudea generally portrayed and why is his face so familiar? Answer: Gudea ruled the Sumerian city of Lagash during the 2100s BC. He is one of the most familiar leaders of Mesopotamia because of his numerous portrait sculptures, which are carved in hard black stone; these portraits show the rounded curves of the face and some of the musculature beneath the skin.

How does the imperial complex at Persepolis use the rectangular grid system? Answer: The Imperial Complex of the Persepolis’s rectangular grid system corresponds to the grid axes and numerous grand buildings front the street system or newly founded in order to increase social hierarchization and control. It was fortified with mud brick walls on stone foundations and rectangular bastions. Reference Stokstad, M. , (2001). Art History, Volume Two. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Publisher, ISBN-10: 0130918504, ISBN-13: 978-0130918505, 1232pp.

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