This is an idealistic term where by we choose what we want to do in terms of how we think and react. It is mostly associated with moral responsibilities. Free will requires individuals to be able to make choices from psychological to physical perspectives. However, it is not only related with moral responsibility but also a condition of ones achievements. Differentiating between free will in terms of actions and will is essential since it helps out in carrying our desires that are beyond our control. Arguments about free will revolve around the facts that we as human being have it (freedom).
Individuals are held responsible for their actions by the society and many claim that for them to be responsible they need freedom. But it is important to consider if at all individuals will honor their actions. The principle of free will has religious, moral, and logical implications. For instance, religious matters imply that a supreme being does not declare its power over individual actions. In moral realm, individuals will be held responsible for any action taken and the logic realm involves the activities of the body, mind and brain which do not depend on physical factors.
Free will can only be dealt with after determining whether it exists or not. Philosophers who are compatibilists maintain that determinists are friendly with the free will. Generally, a person acts by his /her own desire and could have done the other way. However, determinism is misunderstood and misused by many people since they assume that it entails human having no influence on their future as it is dependant on the present and past events. There are major consequences associated with our freedom of will they include physical determinism, theological determinism and biological determinism.
For these determinisms, however, there are philosophers who disagree with their certainty may be due to the existence of free will. Theological determinism- is where the actions of human beings are determined by God. However, the main problem is that the actions are done at individuals’ choice since they know there is someone determining their actions before they even happen. Biological determinism- here human beings actions and feelings are inborn that is genetically passed in that a person is acting not the way he/she desires but due to certain things that control them.
For example, they are assume that their actions are inherited but they can be harmful, for instance, drug addiction. Physical determinism considers that future events are influenced by past and present events which are determined by the laws of nature. Its main hindrance is that dependence on previous actions can be misleading and in some cases be not understood. However, there are no degrees or standards upon which individual actions are judged. The main important thing is being able to prove the available assumptions into realistic facts.
Though, these facts need to be considered in philosophy so that determinism would be able to believe in the existence of freedom. Free will does not make sense in situations where determinism is inappropriate. Individuals’ actions should be voluntary as they can delay their decisions long enough and reflect on the behaviours before they act and not be guided by the physical, theological or biological determinism. REFERENCES Ruggiero, V. R. (1996). Reading Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues, 4th Edition, New Delhi: McGraw Hill Publishers, 155934654X, pp 40-85 .Sample Essay of Edusson.com