Observation In Iraq
This observational research of a person from Iraq reveals that the behavior exhibited can be classified as of the Type A. the individual observed portrays aggressive motor skills. This is exhibited in impatience and a high arousal of hostility on little provocation. The parenting behavior shows a controlling dictatorial type of nurturing children. This has manifestations in the child that fosters poor performance in school and disobedience. There is limited play as was identified in the personality. The social attachment was also poor as the individual exhibited high levels of mistrust among people.
In terms of an authority figure, the individual showed a high command of respect from his followers. The conclusion based on this observation states that the person is very hostile, perfectionist of what he does, time conscious, dictatorial and lazy person. Introduction In reference to an employee of Iraq descent, I would relate to Ahmed. He is a respected employee and friend. He is in his early thirty’s in terms of his age. In trying to establish his personality traits, an analysis of his observation is done to establish this topic.
Each and every person has his/her own unique behavioral traits due to the environment brought up in. Motor skills Ahmed talks very fast at the rate that at times I don’t hear what he says. He however gets impatient in traffic snarl ups in the few occasions that I have drove with him. His voice is rough, harsh, and more than normal loud. He is time consciousness nature due to his punctuality in getting to work. His posture is tense with sudden jerky movements. In quite often occasions, he raises his eyebrows in a tic-like manner.
Additionally, every few minutes, he raises or pulls back one or both f his shoulders in a tic-shaped way. In relation to scientific facts that have been carried out on the psychological and physical aspects of development of humans, I would say that Ahmed exhibits the Type A behavior. In relation to a study done by a US psychologist, Dr. Friedman, he has come to up two psychological and six physical characteristics that are predispose type A behavior. In view of him, these eight notable traits are almost often a diagnosis of type a behavior.
The psychological one are: Lack of patience with an easy up rise of hostility, frequent apprehension of later date disasters which he says is not a sign of an anxiety or depressive illness. The physical symptoms on the other hand are: High levels of sweating of the forehead together with the upper lip, The grinding of teeth, Indentation of the tongue as a result to its continuous pressurization on the top incisor teeth, Tic-shaped retraction of the upper eye lid, Tic-shaped retraction of the edges of the mouth, Brown pigmentation of the skin of the lower eyelid.
Type A personality has been associated with heart disease has become popular knowledge, at least, among physicians and their patients. Even with its wide publicity and media focus, criteria of type A behavior or personality still remains deem. Even the well established doctors don not diagnose it properly. There are two distinct features of type A that one must remember, and that is they exhibit characters of impatience and hostility. (Sharma, 1996) Parenting behavior I have often visited Ahmed at his home when he invites me in the weekends to watch football on TV.
He is married and has one beautiful and obedient daughter. The child is not that friendly as she does not greet me until the dad, Ahmed tells her to. Ahmed says the he says that she does not do her home work well as expected and he constantly receives many complaints from school that his daughter has not done or finished assignments. In addition, he says that her appetite is very poor. She does not eat well and only prefers snacks and other junk foods that have seen her body size become so small. What catalyzed this decision was the persistent disobedience from their daughter and poor eating habits.
In this case, I believe that Ahmed personality exhibits a controlling feature towards raising his child. The fact that her daughter’s performance is in school is poor as well as her eating habits brings much concern in his parenting ways. The poor social skills as exhibited in her unwillingness to great visitors bring up the issue of the child’s cognitive skills. A study was done to examine parenting styles, in relation to Type A personality of parents and children, and social competence in children.
Fifty children, parents, and their teachers were incorporated into the study. Type A behavior in parents was related to a controlling manner of parenting, but not with forceful tactics to make the child excel. Parenting ways of inflicting pressure and high control were correlated to lack of patience and aggressiveness in children, as assessed by the MYTH (a teacher-scored Type A behavior device). In addition, impatience and aggressiveness in the children were negatively attributed with the child’s social competency and ability to blend in school.
Psychologists from the University of Canberra said that they may have discovered the technique of dealing with bad behavior in children. Positive parenting program was developed with a clear intention of making parenting more pleasant. Reducing stress and anxiety in parents by changing children’s behavior was the purpose. According Researcher, Penny Sellers to her, early results show that this program is functioning well. Parents are reporting good results as they are much calmer. Their children are also improving as the common problems that parents face of eating problems and disobedience are minimizing.
Positive parenting practices may be the cause for improved oral skills among preschoolers, and the believed superiority of breast milk/ over bottled milk in enhancing cognitive abilities is less significant, a new research has revealed. The results published in the Journal Pediatrics shows that some of the benefits in the brain attributed to alimentations present in breast milk, was beneficial in the enhancement of oral skills only when breast feeding was accompanied with positive strokes from mother to child.
Previous works have shown a link between IQ and breast feeding implying that breast fed children exhibit higher IQ’s. But researchers discovered that, mother’s education together with superior parenting practices is the main factor for superior cognitive skills in children. During the study, children and their mothers were put to verbal tests, which showed that children who were breast fed and showed superior verbal abilities, could not be consistent with their performance, in the absence of proper parenting.
The findings however do not demystify the merits of breastfeeding, and experts still recommend it being the best nutrition for babies. (Haralson, Lawler, 1992, pp 625-634) Play Ahmed does not do any physical exercise to keep his body fit. In his naturally slim figure, he says he has nothing to fear as he does not have the characteristic figure of an over weight person. So he says he does not need to play or exercise to become slimmer than he already is. His only play activity involves watching sports on TV during the week ends and nothing else that would involve physical strain.
Studies have been done and have shown that lengthier, more involving physical activity can aid one in maintaining cognitive abilities as they age. A specific study to this aspect carried out on 300 men born between the years 1900 and 1925 from the FINE showed that in a span of over 10 years, men who reduced their daily play by an hour or so had 2. 6-times more cognitive reduction than men who sustained their play. The research also showed that men who involved themselves in the lowest intensity activities had more than triple the level of cognitive reduction compared to men who retained more intense play.
Researchers believe physical activity can aid in sustaining brain function by improving blood flow to the brain and helping to promote the development of nerve cells in a brain region accredited with memory function. The study thus concludes that being physically energetic in old age could keep the brain fit. (Bio-medicine. org, 2005) Attachment skills Ahmed has very few friends. He takes far too long to get comfortable in talking freely with any body he does not now. I could simply say that he has a trust problem with people even f he knows them.
In my opinion this can be exhibited in the way that he too over six months to know here he lives even after inviting him to my home months earlier. This I would say portrays the poor attachment skills of Ahmed that can be attributed to his environment as he grew up in Iraq. According to a new study that focused on poor social abilities in people, it found that this arose from some people’s inability of the brain to process faces. This study referred it to autism spectrum disorder that exhibits varying levels of impairment in communication capabilities, social cohesion and limited, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of personalities.
It had been believed that absence of social skills was because to abnormalities in certain brain areas. But University of London researchers analyzed the brain scans of 30 people and discovered that ASD is a problem in the region of the brain that processes faces. (Reported online edition of BBC News). The face processing regions of people ailing from the disorder are not well interlaced to those regions of the brain that control attention, it said. ASD can often be reliably detected by the age of three years, and in some cases as early as 18 months. (Burkhardt, 2005) Authority figures
Ahmed being a in a managerial position the organization, commands a lot of respect from other staff due to his hard work and speediness. His command for results motivates other employees in the organization to emulate his professionalism. Having observed his behavior foe a while, a conclusive type A behavior would be attached to Ahmed. The attributes that Ahmed exhibits in the organization level can be proved by a study that was done on leadership behavior in a company in Japan. The paper shows how the leader’s “Type A Behavior” impacts the morale and mental and physical well being of subordinates.
This survey was using 65 leaders and their 150 of followers in a car-related manufacturing company. Determinant of the “Type A Behavior” questionnaire was prepared using Maeda’s scale. Leadership personality and morale were founded on Misumi’s scale. Mental health was calculated by the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and physical health utilized Watanabe et al. ‘s scale. The findings showed that Leader’s Type A personality is not linked to leader’s PM personality. That Leader’s Type A Behavior heightened the morale of subordinates.
That Leader’s Type A personality improves the mental and physical well being of subordinates. And finally, that Leader’s Type A Behavior interacts with the M personality of subordinate’s morale. (Seiichi, Ai, 2000, pp 341-347) Appendix I: Motor Development Checklist PERSONALITY YES NO Do you eat quickly and leave the dinner table immediately? Does your spouse or any close companion tell you to slow your pace, become less tense, or be cool? Does it bother you a lot to wait in line at cashier’s counter or to be seated in a restaurant? Do you usually go out or indulge yourself in extra physical activities?
Do you examine respect other peoples opinion irrespective of them social status? Do you believe that most people are not honest or are not willing to help others? Do you become annoyed when driving or swear at others? References: Burkhardt W. R. , (2005): Patterns of behavior: Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the founding of ethology. USA, University of Chicago Press. Bio medicine. Org. , (2005) Physical activity Good For Developing Cognitive Skills. Retrieved on April 25th 2009. From http://www. bio-medicine. org/medicine-news/Physical-Activity-Good-For-Developing-Cognitive-Skills-3158-1/
Harralson T. L. , Lawler K. A. , (1992): The relationship of parenting styles and social competency to type A behavior in children. Elsevier, New York, NY, ETATS-UNIS vol. 36, No 7, pp. 625-634 Seiichi H. , Ai J. , (2000). “Type A Behavior” as Leadership Behavior on the Morale and Mental and Physical Health of Followers. Japan, Journal of Japan Industrial Management Association. Vol. 51; NO. 4; pp. 341-347 Sharma P. V. , (1996). Characteristics of “Type A” Personality. Mind Publications. Retrieved on April 25th 2009. From http://www. mindpub. com/art207. htmSample Essay of StudyFaq.com